Surah Al-Baqara Verse 134

تِلْكَ أُمَّةٌ قَدْ خَلَتْ ۖ لَهَا مَا كَسَبَتْ وَلَكُمْ مَا كَسَبْتُمْ ۖ وَلَا تُسْأَلُونَ عَمَّا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

That was a nation which has passed on. It will have [the consequence of] what it earned, and you will have what you have earned. And you will not be asked about what they used to do.

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مَا تَعْبُدُونَ مِن بَعْدِى قَالُواْ نَعْبُدُ إِلَـهَكَ وَإِلَـهَ آبَآئِكَ إِبْرَهِيمَ وَإِسْمَـعِيلَ وَإِسْحَـقَ

n(133. Or were you witnesses when death approached Ya

qub (Jacob) When he said unto his sons, "What will you worship after me'' They said, "We shall worship your AIlah (God

Allah) the Ilah of your fathers, Ibrahim (Abraham), Isma

il (Ishmael), Ishaq (Isaac), One Ilah, and to Him we submit (in Islam)).'' (134. That was a nation who has passed away. They shall receive the reward of what they earned and you of what you earn. And you will not be asked of what they used to do.)

This Ayah contains Allah's criticism of the Arab pagans among the offspring of Isma

il as well as the disbelievers among the Children of Israel Jacob the son of Isaac, the son of Ibrahim. When death came to Jacob, he advised his children to worship Allah alone without partners. He said to them,

("What will you worship after me'' They said, "We shall worship your Ilah (God

Allah) the Ilah of your fathers, Ibrahim, Isma

il, Ishaq,'')

Mentioning Isma`il here is a figure of speech, because Isma`il is Jacob's uncle. An-Nahas said that the Arabs call the uncle a father, as Al-Qurtubi mentioned). This Ayah is used as evidence that the grandfather is called a father and inherits, rather than the brothers (i.e. when his son dies), as Abu Bakr asserted, according to Al-Bukhari who narrated Abu Bakr's statement from Ibn `Abbas and Ibn Az-Zubayr. Al-Bukhari then commented that there are no opposing opinions regarding this subject. This is also the opinion of `A'ishah the Mother of the believers, Al-Hasan Al-Basri, Tawus and `Ata', Malik, Ash-Shaf`i and Ahmad said that the inheritance is divided between the grandfather and the brothers. It was reported that this was also the opinion of `Umar, `Uthman, `Ali, bin Mas`ud, Zayd bin Thabit and several scholars among the Salaf and later generations. The statement,

إِلَـهًا وَاحِدًا

(One Ilah (God)) means, "We single Him out in divinity and do not associate anything or anyone with Him.''

وَنَحْنُ لَهُ مُسْلِمُونَ

(And to Him we submit), in obedience meaning, obedient and submissiveness. Similarly, Allah said,

وَلَهُ أَسْلَمَ مَن فِى السَّمَـوَتِ وَالاٌّرْضِ طَوْعًا وَكَرْهًا وَإِلَيْهِ يُرْجَعُونَ

(While to Him submitted all creatures in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly. And to Him shall they all be returned) (3:83). Indeed, Islam is the religion of all the Prophets, even if their reispective laws differed. Allah said,

وَمَآ أَرْسَلْنَا مِن قَبْلِكَ مِن رَّسُولٍ إِلاَّ نُوحِى إِلَيْهِ أَنَّهُ لا إِلَـهَ إِلاَّ أَنَاْ فَاعْبُدُونِ

(And We did not send any Messenger before you (O Muhammad ) but We revealed to him (saying): La ilaha illa Ana none has the right to be worshipped but I (Allah), so worship Me (alone and none else)) (21:25). There are many other Ayat - and Hadiths - on this subject. For instance, the Prophet said,

«نَحْنُ مَعْشَرَ الْأَنْبِيَاءِ أَوْلَادُ عَلَّاتٍ دِينُنا وَاحِد»

(We, the Prophets, are brothers with different mothers, but the same religion.) Allah said,

تِلْكَ أُمَّةٌ قَدْ خَلَتْ

(That was a nation who has passed away) meaning, existed before your time,

لَهَا مَا كَسَبَتْ وَلَكُم مَّا كَسَبْتُم

(They shall receive the reward of what they earned and you of what you earn). This Ayah proclaims, Your relationship to the Prophets or righteous people among your ancestors will not benefit you, unless you perform good deeds that bring about you religious benefit. They have their deeds and you have yours,

وَلاَ تُسْـَلُونَ عَمَّا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

(And you will not be asked of what they used to do).'' This is why a Hadith proclaims,

«مَنْ بَطَّأَ بِهِ عَمَلُهُ لَمْ يُسْرِعْ بِهِ نَسَبُه»

(Whoever was slowed on account of his deeds will not get any faster on account of his family lineage.)'

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Submit : 2015-04-01 02:13:31
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Masing-masing orang akan dibalas sesuai amalnya dan seseorang tidaklah dihukum karena dosa orang lain. Iman dan ketakwaan seseorang juga tidak bermanfaat bagi orang lain. Oleh karena itu, sibuknya mereka terhadap umat yang telah lalu, pengakuan mereka bahwa mereka di atas agama umat yang lalu tersebut dan ridha dengan ucapan semata dianggap kosong tidak berarti apa-apa, bahkan yang wajib mereka lakukan adalah memperhatikan diri mereka apakah layak untuk selamat atau tidak?.