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Surah Al-Baqara Verse 25

وَبَشِّرِ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ أَنَّ لَهُمْ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِنْ تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ ۖ كُلَّمَا رُزِقُوا مِنْهَا مِنْ ثَمَرَةٍ رِزْقًا ۙ قَالُوا هَٰذَا الَّذِي رُزِقْنَا مِنْ قَبْلُ ۖ وَأُتُوا بِهِ مُتَشَابِهًا ۖ وَلَهُمْ فِيهَا أَزْوَاجٌ مُطَهَّرَةٌ ۖ وَهُمْ فِيهَا خَالِدُونَ



And give good tidings to those who believe and do righteous deeds that they will have gardens [in Paradise] beneath which rivers flow. Whenever they are provided with a provision of fruit therefrom, they will say, "This is what we were provided with before." And it is given to them in likeness. And they will have therein purified spouses, and they will abide therein eternally.

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وَبَشِّرِ الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ الصَّـلِحَاتِ أَنَّ لَهُمْ جَنَّـتٍ تَجْرِى مِن تَحْتِهَا الأَنْهَـرُ كُلَّمَا رُزِقُواْ مِنْهَا مِن ثَمَرَةٍ رِّزْقاً قَالُواْ هَـذَا الَّذِى رُزِقْنَا مِن قَبْلُ وَأُتُواْ بِهِ مُتَشَـبِهاً وَلَهُمْ فِيهَآ أَزْوَجٌ مُّطَهَّرَةٌ وَهُمْ فِيهَا خَـلِدُونَ

(25. And give glad tidings to those who believe and do righteous good deeds, that for them will be Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise). Every time they will be provided with a fruit therefrom, they will say: "This is what we were provided with before,'' and they will be given things in resemblance (i.e. in the same form but different in taste) and they shall have therein Azwajun Mutahharatun (purified mates or wives), and they will abide therein forever.)

Rewards of Righteous Believers

After mentioning the torment that Allah has prepared for His miserable enemies who disbelieve in Him and in His Messengers, He mentions the condition of His happy, loyal friends who believe in Him and in His Messengers, adhere to the faith and perform the good deeds. This is the reason why the Qur'an was called Mathani, based on the correct opinion of the scholars. We will elaborate upon this subject later. Mathani means to mention faith and then disbelief, or vice versa. Or, Allah mentions the miserable and then the happy, or vice versa. As for mentioning similar things, it is called Tashabbuh, as we will come to know, Allah willing. Allah said,

وَبَشِّرِ الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ الصَّـلِحَاتِ أَنَّ لَهُمْ جَنَّـتٍ تَجْرِى مِن تَحْتِهَا الأَنْهَـرُ

(And give glad tidings to those who believe and do righteous good deeds, that for them will be Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise)). Consequently, Allah stated that Paradise has rivers that run beneath it, meaning, underneath its trees and rooms. From Hadiths it is learned that the rivers of Paradise do not run in valleys, and that the banks of Al-Kawthar (the Prophet's lake in Paradise) are made of domes of hollow pearls, the sand of Paradise is made of scented musk while its stones are made from pearls and jewels. We ask Allah to grant Paradise to us, for verily, He is the Most Beneficent, Most Gracious. Ibn Abi Hatim reported that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah said,

«أَنْهَارُ الْجَنَّةِ تَفَجَّرُ تَحْتَ تِلَالٍ أَوْ مِنْ تَحْتِ جِبَالِ الْمِسْك»

(The rivers of Paradise spring from beneath hills, or mountains of musk.) He also reported from Masruq that `Abdullah said, "The rivers of Paradise spring from beneath mountains of musk.''

The similarity between the Fruits of Paradise

Allah said next,

كُلَّمَا رُزِقُواْ مِنْهَا مِن ثَمَرَةٍ رِّزْقاً قَالُواْ هَـذَا الَّذِى رُزِقْنَا مِن قَبْلُ

(Every time they will be provided with a fruit therefrom, they will say: "This is what we were provided with before''). Ibn Abi Hatim reported that Yahya bin Abi Kathir said, "The grass of Paradise is made of saffron, its hills from musk and the boys of everlasting youth will serve the believers with fruits which they will eat. They will then be brought similar fruits, and the people of Paradise will comment, `This is the same as what you have just brought us.' The boys will say to them, `Eat, for the color is the same, but the taste is different. Hence Allah's statement,

وَأُتُواْ بِهِ مُتَشَـبِهاً

(and they will be given things in resemblance). Abu Ja`far Ar-Razi narrated that Ar-Rabi` bin Anas said that Abu Al-`Aliyah said that,

وَأُتُواْ بِهِ مُتَشَـبِهاً

(and they will be given things in resemblance) means, "They look like each other, but the taste is different.'' Also, `Ikrimah said,

وَأُتُواْ بِهِ مُتَشَـبِهاً

(and they will be given things in resemblance) "They are similar to the fruits of this life, but the fruits of Paradise taste better. '' Sufyan Ath-Thawri reported from Al-A`mash, from Abu Thubyan, that Ibn `Abbas said, "Nothing in Paradise resembles anything in the life of this world, except in name.'' In another narration, Ibn `Abbas said, "Only the names are similar between what is in this life and what is in Paradise.''

The Wives of the People of Paradise are Pure

Allah said,

وَلَهُمْ فِيهَآ أَزْوَجٌ مُّطَهَّرَةٌ

(and they shall have therein Azwajun Mutahharatun). Ibn Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas said, "Purified from filth and impurity.'' Also, Mujahid said, "From menstruation, relieving the call of nature, urine, spit, semen and pregnancies.'' Also, Qatadah said, "Purified from impurity and sin.'' In another narration, he said, "From menstruation and pregnancies.'' Further, `Ata', Al-Hasan, Ad-Dahhak, Abu Salih, `Atiyah and As-Suddi were reported to have said similarly. Allah's statement,

وَهُمْ فِيهَا خَـلِدُونَ

(and they will abide therein forever) meaning ultimate happiness, for the believers will enjoy everlasting delight, safe from death and disruption of their bliss, for it never ends or ceases. We ask Allah to make us among these believers, for He is the Most Generous, Most Kind and Most merciful.

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Submit : 2015-04-01 02:13:31
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Yakni berikanlah kabar gembira wahai Rasul dan orang yang menjadi pewarisnya (para ulama) kepada orang-orang yang beriman dengan hatinya dan beramal shalih dengan anggota badannya, di mana mereka membuktikan iman mereka dengan amal shalih, bahwa mereka akan memperoleh taman-taman yang indah, dan di bawah istana yang tinggi serta pohon yang lebat ada sungai-sungai yang mengalir; ada sungai yang berair tawar, sungai susu, sungai madu dan sungai khamr (arak) sebagaimana dalam surat Muhammad ayat 15; mereka bisa memancarkan dan mengarahkannya ke arah yang mereka kehendaki.

Setiap kali Allah memberikan rezeki berupa satu jenis buah-buahan yang nikmat, mereka berkata, "Dahulu, Allah juga melimpahkan rezeki jenis ini." Ketika mereka memakannya, mereka merasakan sesuatu yang baru dalam hal rasa dan lezatnya, meskipun buah-buahan itu mirip dengan sebelumnya di dunia baik warna, nama dan nampak dari luarnya.

Suci dari semua kotoran hissiy (yang dapat dirasakan) seperti buang air kecil, buang air besar, ingus, riak, haidh, dsb. demikian juga suci dari kotoran maknawi seperti dusta dan akhlak yang buruk.

Kenikmatan di surga itu adalah kenikmatan yang serba lengkap, baik jasmani maupun rohani, penghuninya senantiasa memperoleh kenikmatan, mereka tidak mati di dalamnya dan tidak akan dikeluarkan. Dalam ayat ini terdapat anjuran memberikan kabar gembira kepada kaum mukmin untuk mendorong mereka beramal dengan menyebutkan balasan yang akan diperoleh, dengan begitu membuat mereka ringan dalam beramal shalih. Kabar gembira yang paling besar bagi seseorang adalah diberi-Nya taufiq untuk beriman dan beramal shalih, ia merupakan awal kabar gembira dan asalnya, setelahnya kabar gembira ketika meninggal dan setelahnya lagi adalah masuk ke tempat yang penuh kenikmatan. Kita meminta kepada Allah agar kita semua dimasukkan ke dalamnya, Allahumma aamiin.