وَعِبَادُ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الَّذِينَ يَمْشُونَ عَلَى الْأَرْضِ هَوْنًا وَإِذَا خَاطَبَهُمُ الْجَاهِلُونَ قَالُوا سَلَامًا
And the servants of the Most Merciful are those who walk upon the earth easily, and when the ignorant address them [harshly], they say [words of] peace,
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(And those who cry not unto any other god along with Allah…) [25:68-70]. Abu Ishaq al-Tha‘alibi informedus> al-Hasan ibn Ahmad al-Makhladi> al-Mu’ammil ibn al-Hasan ibn ‘Isa> al-Hasan ibn Muhammad ibn al-Sabbah al-Za‘farani> Hajjaj> Ibn Jurayj> Ya‘la ibn Muslim> Sa‘id ibn Jubayr> Ibn ‘Abbas who said: “Someidolaters who had committed many murders and fornicated numerous times went to the Messenger of Allah,Allah bless him and give him peace, and said: ‘What you say and call for is good, if only you could inform uswhether there is any expiation for the things we have committed’. As a response, this verse was revealed(And those who cry not unto any other god along with Allah) up to His words (Allah is ever Forgiving,Merciful) [25:70]”. This was narrated by Muslim> Ibrahim ibn Dinar> Hajjaj. Muhammad ibn Ibrahim ibnYahya al-Muzakki informed us> his father> Muhammad ibn Ishaq al-Thaqafi> Ibrahim al-Hanzali andMuhammad ibn al-Sabbah> Jarir> Mansur and al-A‘mash> Abu Wa’il> ‘Amr ibn Shurahbil> Abu Maysarah>‘Abd Allah ibn Mas‘ud who said: “I asked the Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace: ‘Whatis the greatest sin?’ He said: ‘It is to ascribe an equal to Allah when it is Him Who has created you’. I asked:‘What comes after that?’ he said: ‘It is to kill your child for fear that he might compete with you over food’. Iasked: ‘What comes after that?’ he said: ‘It is to commit adultery with the wife of your neighbour’. Allah,exalted is He, then revealed these verses to confirm his answers (And those who cry not unto any other godalong with Allah, nor take the life which Allah hath forbidden save in (course of) justice, nor commitadultery…)”. This was narrated by Bukhari> Musaddid> Yahya and also by Muslim> ‘Uthman ibn AbiShaybah> Jarir. Abu Bakr ibn al-Harith informed us> ‘Abd Allah ibn Muhammad ibn Ja‘far> Ahmad ibnMuhammad ibn Ibrahim> Isma‘il ibn Ishaq> al-Haruth ibn al-Zubayr> Abu Rashid, the client of al-Lahibiyyin> Sa‘id ibn Salim al-Qaddah> Ibn Jurayh> ‘Ata’> Ibn ‘Abbas who said: “Wahshiyy went to theMessenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace, and said: ‘I came to you seeking sanctuary; sogrant me sanctuary in order that I can hear the speech of Allah’. The Messenger of Allah, Allah bless himand give him peace, said to him: ‘I had wished to see you without sanctuary, but since you have asked mefor sanctuary, you are in my sanctuary until you hear the speech of Allah’. Wahshiyy said: ‘I have associatedothers with Allah, killed souls which Allah, exalted is He, has made forbidden and committed adultery. DoesAllah accept my repentance?’ The Messenger of Allah, exalted is He, did not answer him and then the verse(And those who cry not unto any other god along with Allah, nor take the life which Allah hath forbiddensave in (course of) justice, nor commit adultery…) was revealed. The Prophet recited it to Wahshiyy but thelatter said: ‘I see here a condition; it is possible that I may not do any righteous works. I will stay in yoursanctuary so that I can hear the speech of Allah, exalted is He’. The verse: (Lo! Allah forgiveth not that apartner should be ascribed unto Him. He forgiveth (all) save that to whom He will) [4:48] was then revealed.Wahshiyy was summoned and the verse was recited to him. He said: ‘I could be among (save that to whomHe will). I will remain in your sanctuary so that I can hear the speech of Allah’. The verse (Say: O My slaveswho have been prodigal to their own hurt! Despair not of the mercy of Allah…) [39:53] was then revealed,upon which Wahshiyy said: ‘Yes, now I do not see any conditions’, and so he embraced Islam”.
وَعِبَادُ الرَّحْمَـنِ الَّذِينَ يَمْشُونَ عَلَى الاٌّرْضِ هَوْناً وَإِذَا خَاطَبَهُمُ الجَـهِلُونَ قَالُواْ سَلاَماً - وَالَّذِينَ يِبِيتُونَ لِرَبِّهِمْ سُجَّداً وَقِيَـماً - وَالَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا اصْرِفْ عَنَّا عَذَابَ جَهَنَّمَ إِنَّ عَذَابَهَا كَانَ غَرَاماً - إِنَّهَا سَآءَتْ مُسْتَقَرّاً وَمُقَاماً - وَالَّذِينَ إِذَآ أَنفَقُواْ لَمْ يُسْرِفُواْ وَلَمْ يَقْتُرُواْ وَكَانَ بَيْنَ ذَلِكَ قَوَاماً
(63. And the servants of the Most Gracious are those who walk on the earth Hawna, and when the foolish address them they say; "Salama.'')
(64. And those who spend the night in worship of their Lord, prostrate and standing.)
(65. And those who say: "Our Lord! Avert from us the torment of Hell. Verily, its torment is ever an inseparable, permanent punishment.'')
(66. Evil indeed it is as an abode and as a place to rest in.)
(67. And those who, when they spend, are neither extravagant nor stingy, but are in a just balance between them.)
These are the attributes of the believing servants of Allah,
الَّذِينَ يَمْشُونَ عَلَى الاٌّرْضِ هَوْناً
(those who walk on the earth Hawna,) meaning that they walk with dignity and humility, not with arrogance and pride. This is like the Ayah:
وَلاَ تَمْشِ فِى الاٌّرْضِ مَرَحًا
(And walk not on the earth with conceit and arrogance...) (17:37). So these people do not walk with conceit or arrogance or pride. This does not mean that they should walk like sick people, making a show of their humility, for the leader of the sons of Adam (the Prophet) used to walk as if he was coming downhill, and as if the earth were folded up beneath him. What is meant here by Hawn is serenity and dignity, as the Messenger of Allah said:
«إِذَا أَتَيْتُمُ الصَّلَاةَ فَلَا تَأْتُوهَا وَأَنْتُمْ تَسْعَونَ، وَأْتُوهَا وَعَلَيْكُمُ السَّكِينَةُ فَمَا أَدْرَكْتُمْ مِنْهَا فَصَلُّوا، وَمَا فَاتَكُمْ فَأَتِمُّوا»
(When you come to the prayer, do not come rushing in haste. Come calmly and with tranquility, and whatever you catch up with, pray, and whatever you miss, make it up.)
وَإِذَا خَاطَبَهُمُ الجَـهِلُونَ قَالُواْ سَلاَماً
(and when the foolish address them they say: "Salama.'') If the ignorant people insult them with bad words, they do not respond in kind, but they forgive and overlook, and say nothing but good words. This is what the Messenger of Allah did: the more ignorant the people, the more patient he would be. This is as Allah says:
وَإِذَا سَمِعُواْ اللَّغْوَ أَعْرَضُواْ عَنْهُ
(And when they hear Al-Laghw (evil or vain talk), they withdraw from it) (28:55). Then Allah says that their nights are the best of nights, as He says:
وَالَّذِينَ يِبِيتُونَ لِرَبِّهِمْ سُجَّداً وَقِيَـماً
(And those who spend the night in worship of their Lord, prostrate and standing.) meaning, worshipping and obeying Him. This is like the Ayat:
كَانُواْ قَلِيلاً مِّن الَّيْلِ مَا يَهْجَعُونَ - وَبِالاٌّسْحَـرِ هُمْ يَسْتَغْفِرُونَ
(They used to sleep but little by night. And in the hours before dawn, they were asking for forgiveness) (51:17-18).
تَتَجَافَى جُنُوبُهُمْ عَنِ الْمَضَاجِعِ
(Their sides forsake their beds...) (32:16).
أَمَّنْ هُوَ قَانِتٌ ءَانَآءَ الَّيْلِ سَـجِداً وَقَآئِماً يَحْذَرُ الاٌّخِرَةَ وَيَرْجُواْ رَحْمَةَ رَبِّهِ
(Is one who is obedient to Allah, prostrating himself or standing during the hours of the night, fearing the Hereafter and hoping for the mercy of his Lord...) (39:9). Allah says:
وَالَّذِينَ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا اصْرِفْ عَنَّا عَذَابَ جَهَنَّمَ إِنَّ عَذَابَهَا كَانَ غَرَاماً
(And those who say: "Our Lord! Avert from us the torment of Hell. Verily, its torment is ever an inseparable punishment.'') meaning, ever-present and never ending. Al-Hasan said concerning the Ayah,
إِنَّ عَذَابَهَا كَانَ غَرَاماً
(Verily, its torment is ever an inseparable, permanent punishment.) Everything that strikes the son of Adam, then disappears, does not constitute an inseparable, permanent punishment. The inseparable, permanent punishment is that which lasts as long as heaven and earth. This was also the view of Sulayman At-Taymi.
إِنَّهَا سَآءَتْ مُسْتَقَرّاً وَمُقَاماً
(Evil indeed it is as an abode and as a place to rest in.) means, how evil it looks as a place to dwell and how evil it is as a place to rest.
وَالَّذِينَ إِذَآ أَنفَقُواْ لَمْ يُسْرِفُواْ وَلَمْ يَقْتُرُواْ
(And those who, when they spend, are neither extravagant nor stingy...) They are not extravagant, spending more than they need, nor are they miserly towards their families, not spending enough on their needs. But they follow the best and fairest way. The best of matters are those which are moderate, neither one extreme nor the other.
وَكَانَ بَيْنَ ذَلِكَ قَوَاماً
(but are in a just balance between them.) This is like the Ayah,
وَلاَ تَجْعَلْ يَدَكَ مَغْلُولَةً إِلَى عُنُقِكَ وَلاَ تَبْسُطْهَا كُلَّ الْبَسْطِ
(And let not your hand be tied to your neck, nor stretch it forth to its utmost reach.)(17:29)
Selanjutnya Allah Subhaanahu wa Ta'aala menyebutkan banyaknya kebaikan-Nya, nikmat-Nya kepada hamba-hamba-Nya serta taufiq-Nya kepada mereka untuk beramal saleh sehingga mereka berusaha mencapai tempat-tempat tinggi di kamar-kamar surga.
Ubudiyyah (penghambaan) terbagi menjadi dua:
Dia bertawadhuâ (berendah diri) kepada Allah dan berendah hati kepada makhluk-Nya. Ayat ini menerangkan sifat mereka, yaitu sopan, tenang, dan bertawadhuâ.
Yakni ucapan yang bersih dari dosa. Mereka memaafkan orang yang bodoh dan tidak mengucapkan kecuali yang baik. Mereka santun dan tidak membalas keburukan dengan keburukan, tetapi membalasnya dengan kebaikan.