وَأَمَّا ثَمُودُ فَهَدَيْنَاهُمْ فَاسْتَحَبُّوا الْعَمَىٰ عَلَى الْهُدَىٰ فَأَخَذَتْهُمْ صَاعِقَةُ الْعَذَابِ الْهُونِ بِمَا كَانُوا يَكْسِبُونَ
And as for Thamud, We guided them, but they preferred blindness over guidance, so the thunderbolt of humiliating punishment seized them for what they used to earn.
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فَإِنْ أَعْرَضُواْ فَقُلْ أَنذَرْتُكُمْ صَـعِقَةً مِّثْلَ صَـعِقَةِ عَادٍ وَثَمُودَ - إِذْ جَآءَتْهُمُ الرُّسُلُ مِن بَيْنِ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمِنْ خَلْفِهِمْ أَلاَّ تَعْبُدُواْ إِلاَّ اللَّهَ قَالُواْ لَوْ شَآءَ رَبُّنَا لاّنزَلَ مَلَـئِكَةً فَإِنَّا بِمَآ أُرْسِلْتُمْ بِهِ كَـفِرُونَ - فَأَمَّا عَادٌ فَاسْتَكْبَرُواْ فِى الاٌّرْضِ بِغَيْرِ الْحَقِّ وَقَالُواْ مَنْ أَشَدُّ مِنَّا قُوَّةً أَوَلَمْ يَرَوْاْ أَنَّ اللَّهَ الَّذِى خَلَقَهُمْ هُوَ أَشَدُّ مِنْهُمْ قُوَّةً وَكَانُواْ بِـَايَـتِنَا يَجْحَدُونَ - فَأَرْسَلْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ رِيحاً صَرْصَراً فِى أَيَّامٍ نَّحِسَاتٍ لِّنُذِيقَهُمْ عَذَابَ الْخِزْىِ فِى الْحَيَوةِ الدُّنْيَا وَلَعَذَابُ الاٌّخِرَةِ أَخْزَى وَهُمْ لاَ يُنصَرُونَ - وَأَمَّا ثَمُودُ فَهَدَيْنَـهُمْ فَاسْتَحَبُّواْ الْعَمَى عَلَى الْهُدَى فَأَخَذَتْهُمْ صَـعِقَةُ الْعَذَابِ الْهُونِ بِمَا كَانُواْ يَكْسِبُونَ - وَنَجَّيْنَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَكَانُواْ يتَّقُونَ
(13. But if they turn away, then say: "I have warned you of a Sa
iqah like the Sa
iqah which overtook
Ad and Thamud.'')
(14. When the Messengers came to them, from before them and behind them (saying): "Worship none but Allah,'' they said: "If our Lord had so willed, He would surely have sent down the angels. So, indeed we disbelieve in that with which you have been sent.'')
(15. As for
Ad, they were arrogant in the land without right, and they said: "Who is mightier than us in strength'' See they not that Allah Who created them was mightier in strength than them. And they used to deny Our Ayat!)
(16. So, We sent upon them a Sarsar wind in days of calamity that We might give them a taste of disgracing torment in this present worldly life. But surely the torment of the Hereafter will be more disgracing, and they will never be helped.)
(17. And as for Thamud, We showed them the path of truth but they preferred blindness to guidance; so the Sa
iqah of disgracing torment seized them because of what they used to earn.)
(18. And We saved those who believed and had Taqwa.)
Allah says: `Say, O Muhammad, to these idolators who disbelieve in the message of truth that you have brought: If you turn away from that which I have brought to you from Allah, then I warn you of the punishment of Allah like the punishment that the past nations suffered for disbelieving in the Messengers.'
صَـعِقَةً مِّثْلَ صَـعِقَةِ عَادٍ وَثَمُودَ
(a Sa`iqah like the Sa`iqah which overtook `Ad and Thamud.) and other similar nations who did what they did,
إِذْ جَآءَتْهُمُ الرُّسُلُ مِن بَيْنِ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمِنْ خَلْفِهِمْ
(When the Messengers came to them, from before them and behind them) This is like the Ayah:
وَاذْكُرْ أَخَا عَادٍ إِذْ أَنذَرَ قَوْمَهُ بِالاٌّحْقَافِ وَقَدْ خَلَتِ النُّذُرُ مِن بَيْنِ يَدَيْهِ وَمِنْ خَلْفِهِ
(And remember (Hud) the brother of `Ad, when he warned his people in Al-Ahqaf. And surely, there have passed away warners before him and after him) (46:21). which means that in the neighboring towns and cities, Allah sent Messengers who commanded the people to worship Allah Alone with no partner or associate, and they brought good news as well as warnings. They saw the punishment Allah sent upon His enemies, and the blessings which He bestowed upon His friends, yet despite all of this, they did not believe in them. On the contrary, they denied them and rejected them, and said:
لَوْ شَآءَ رَبُّنَا لاّنزَلَ مَلَـئِكَةً
(If our Lord had so willed, He would surely have sent down the angels.) meaning, if Allah were to send Messengers, they would be angels sent from His presence.
فَإِنَّا بِمَآ أُرْسِلْتُمْ بِهِ كَـفِرُونَ
(So, indeed we disbelieve in that with which you have been sent.) means, `because you are a mere human; we will not follow you because you are just men like us.'
فَأَمَّا عَادٌ فَاسْتَكْبَرُواْ فِى الاٌّرْضِ بِغَيْرِ الْحَقِّ
(As for `Ad, they were arrogant in the land without right.) means, they were arrogant, stubborn and disobedient.
وَقَالُواْ مَنْ أَشَدُّ مِنَّا قُوَّةً
(and they said: "Who is mightier than us in strength'') They boasted of their physical strength, and power; they thought that this would protect them from Allah's punishment.
أَوَلَمْ يَرَوْاْ أَنَّ اللَّهَ الَّذِى خَلَقَهُمْ هُوَ أَشَدُّ مِنْهُمْ قُوَّةً
(See they not that Allah Who created them was mightier in strength than them.) means, do they not realize, when they are showing enmity, that He is the Almighty Who created all things and gave them whatever strength they have, and that His onslaught will be far greater This is like the Ayah:
وَالسَّمَآءَ بَنَيْنَـهَا بِأَيْدٍ وَإِنَّا لَمُوسِعُونَ
(With Hands did We construct the heaven. Verily, We are able to extend the vastness of space thereof.) (51:47) They openly opposed the Almighty and denied His signs and disobeyed His Messenger. Allah said:
فَأَرْسَلْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ رِيحاً صَرْصَراً
(So We sent upon them a Sarsar wind). Some said that this was a strongly blowing wind; others said that it was a cold wind. It was also said that it is the wind that makes a noise. The truth that it was all of these things, for it was a strong wind that was an apt punishment for their being deceived by their physical strength. It was also intensely cold, as Allah says:
بِرِيحٍ صَرْصَرٍ عَاتِيَةٍ
(with a Sarsar wind!) (69:6), meaning a very cold wind. It also made a furious sound. Additionally, there is a famous river in the east which is called Sarsar because of the noise it makes as it flows.
فِى أَيَّامٍ نَّحِسَاتٍ
(in days of calamity) means, consecutive days.
سَبْعَ لَيَالٍ وَثَمَـنِيَةَ أَيَّامٍ حُسُوماً
(seven nights and eight days in succession) (69: 7). This is like the Ayah:
فِى يَوْمِ نَحْسٍ مُّسْتَمِرٍّ
(on a day of calamity, continuous) (54:19) i.e., the punishment began on a day which was of evil omen for them, and this evil omen continued for them,
سَبْعَ لَيَالٍ وَثَمَـنِيَةَ أَيَّامٍ حُسُوماً
(seven nights and eight days in succession) (69:7) until they were destroyed, every last one of them, and their humiliation in this world was joined to their punishment in the Hereafter. Allah says:
لِّنُذِيقَهُمْ عَذَابَ الْخِزْىِ فِى الْحَيَوةِ الدُّنْيَا وَلَعَذَابُ الاٌّخِرَةِ أَخْزَى
(that We might give them a taste of disgracing torment in this present worldly life. But surely the torment of the Hereafter will be more disgracing.) meaning, more humiliating for them.
وَهُمْ لاَ يُنصَرُونَ
(and they will never be helped.) means, in the Hereafter, just as they were never helped in this world, and they had no one who could protect them from Allah or save them from His punishment.
وَأَمَّا ثَمُودُ فَهَدَيْنَـهُمْ
(And as for Thamud, We showed them the path of truth) Ibn `Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, Abu Al-Aliyah, Sa`id bin Jubayr, Qatadah, As-Suddi and Ibn Zayd said, "We explained to them. '' Ath-Thawri said, "We called them.'' Allah's saying;
فَاسْتَحَبُّواْ الْعَمَى عَلَى الْهُدَى
(but they preferred blindness to guidance;) means, `We showed them the truth and made it clear to them through the words of their Prophet Salih, but they opposed him and rejected him, and they slaughtered the she-camel of Allah which He had made a sign for them of the truth of their Prophet.'
فَأَخَذَتْهُمْ صَـعِقَةُ الْعَذَابِ الْهُونِ
(so the Sa`iqah of disgracing torment seized them) means, Allah sent upon them the Sayhah, earthquake, intense humiliation, punishment and torment.
بِمَا كَانُواْ يَكْسِبُونَ
(because of what they used to earn) means, because of their disbelief and rejection.
وَنَجَّيْنَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ
(And We saved those who believed) means, `We saved them from among them, and no harm came to them;' Allah saved them along with His Prophet Salih, peace be upon him, because of their fear of Allah.
Tsamud adalah kabilah yang sudah dikenal yang tinggal di Hijr dan sekitarnya. Allah mengutus kepada mereka Nabi Saleh âalaihis salam yang mengajak mereka mentauhidkan Allah, melarang mereka berbuat syirk, dan Allah memberikan mukjizat kepada Beliau dengan unta betina, dimana unta tersebut dengan kaum Nabi Saleh memiliki giliran minum; pada hari ini unta tersebut minum dan mereka dapat meminum susunya sedangkan pada hari yang lain mereka dapat mengambil minum. Di samping itu, mereka tidak perlu mengeluarkan biaya dan tenaga untuk mengurus unta itu, bahkan unta betina itu makan sendiri dari rerumputan di bumi. Tetapi kemudian, mereka malah membunuh unta betina itu.
Yakni telah Kami tegakkan hujjah bagi mereka dengan memperlihatkannya secara jelas.
Karena kezaliman dan keburukan mereka.
Yaitu ilmu dan iman.
Bukan karena Allah menzalimi mereka.