وَفَصِيلَتِهِ الَّتِي تُؤْوِيهِ
And his nearest kindred who shelter him
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(Doth every man among them hope to enter the Garden of Delight? Nay…) [70:38-39]. The commentatorsof the Qur’an said: “The idolaters used to gather round the Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace, tolisten to him but did not benefit from him. Instead, they gave him the lie and mocked him. They said: ‘Ifthese were to enter Paradise, we shall certainly enter it before them, and we will have more wealth thereinthan they will ever have’. And so Allah, exalted is He, revealed this verse”.
يَوْمَ تَكُونُ السَّمَآءُ كَالْمُهْلِ - وَتَكُونُ الْجِبَالُ كَالْعِهْنِ - وَلاَ يَسْـَلُ حَمِيمٌ حَمِيماً - يُبَصَّرُونَهُمْ يَوَدُّ الْمُجْرِمُ لَوْ يَفْتَدِي مِنْ عَذَابِ يَوْمِئِذٍ بِبَنِيهِ - وَصَـحِبَتِهِ وَأَخِيهِ - وَفَصِيلَتِهِ الَّتِى تُـْوِيهِ - وَمَن فِى الاٌّرْضِ جَمِيعاً ثُمَّ يُنجِيهِ - كَلاَّ إِنَّهَا لَظَى - نَزَّاعَةً لِّلشَّوَى - تَدْعُواْ مَنْ أَدْبَرَ وَتَوَلَّى - وَجَمَعَ فَأَوْعَى
(8. The Day that the sky will be like the Al-Muhl.)
(9. And the mountains will be like
(10. And no friend will ask a friend,)
(11. Though they shall be made to see one another, the criminal would desire to ransom himself from the punishment of that Day by his children.)
(12. And his wife and his brother,)
(13. And his Fasilah who sheltered him,)
(14. And all that are in the earth, so that it might save him.)
(15. By no means! Verily, it will be the fire of Hell,)
ah the Shawa!)
(17. Calling (all) such as turn their backs and turn away their faces.)
(18. And collect (wealth) and hide it (from spending it in the cause of Allah).)
Allah says that the torment will befall the disbelievers.
يَوْمَ تَكُونُ السَّمَآءُ كَالْمُهْلِ
(The Day that the sky will be like the Al-Muhl.) Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid, `Ata, Sa`id bin Jubayr, `Ikrimah, As-Suddi and others have all said, "Like the residue of oil.''
وَتَكُونُ الْجِبَالُ كَالْعِهْنِ
(And the mountains will be like `Ihn.) meaning, like fluffed wool. This was said by Mujahid, Qatadah and As-Suddi. This Ayah is similar to Allah's statement,
وَتَكُونُ الْجِبَالُ كَالْعِهْنِ الْمَنفُوشِ
(And the mountains will be like carded wool.) (101:5) Concerning Allah's statement,
وَلاَ يَسْـَلُ حَمِيمٌ حَمِيماً يُبَصَّرُونَهُمْ
(And no friend will ask a friend, though they shall be made to see one another.) Meaning, no close friend will ask his close friend about his condition while he sees him in the worst of conditions. He will be worried about himself and will not be able to think of others. Al-`Awfi reported from Ibn `Abbas, "Some of them will know others and they will be acquainted with each other. Then, they will flee from each other after that, as Allah says,
لِكُلِّ امْرِىءٍ مِّنْهُمْ يَوْمَئِذٍ شَأْنٌ يُغْنِيهِ
(Every man that Day will have enough to make him careless of others.)'' (80:37) This honorable Ayah is similar to Allah's statement,
يأَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اتَّقُواْ رَبَّكُمْ وَاخْشَوْاْ يَوْماً لاَّ يَجْزِى وَالِدٌ عَن وَلَدِهِ وَلاَ مَوْلُودٌ هُوَ جَازٍ عَن وَالِدِهِ شَيْئاً إِنَّ وَعْدَ اللَّهِ حَقٌّ
(O mankind! Have Taqwa of your Lord, and fear a Day when no father can avail aught for his son, and nor a son avail aught for his father. Verily the promise of Allah is true.) (31:33) and He also says,
وَإِن تَدْعُ مُثْقَلَةٌ إِلَى حِمْلِهَا لاَ يُحْمَلْ مِنْهُ شَىْءٌ وَلَوْ كَانَ ذَا قُرْبَى
(And if one heavily laden calls another to (bear) his load, nothing of it will be lifted even though he be near of kin.) (35:18) and He says,
فَإِذَا نُفِخَ فِى الصُّورِ فَلاَ أَنسَـبَ بَيْنَهُمْ يَوْمَئِذٍ وَلاَ يَتَسَآءَلُونَ
(Then, when the Trumpet is blown, there will be no kinship among them that Day, nor will they ask of one another.) (23:101) and similarly He says,
يَوْمَ يَفِرُّ الْمَرْءُ مِنْ أَخِيهِ - وَأُمِّهِ وَأَبِيهِ - وَصَـحِبَتِهُ وَبَنِيهِ - لِكُلِّ امْرِىءٍ مِّنْهُمْ يَوْمَئِذٍ شَأْنٌ يُغْنِيهِ
(That day shall a man flee fom his brother, and from his mother and his father, and from his wife and his children. Every man that Day will have enough to make him careless of others.) (80:34-37) Then Allah's saying here
يُبَصَّرُونَهُمْ يَوَدُّ الْمُجْرِمُ لَوْ يَفْتَدِي مِنْ عَذَابِ يَوْمِئِذٍ بِبَنِيهِ - وَصَـحِبَتِهِ وَأَخِيهِ - وَفَصِيلَتِهِ الَّتِى تُـْوِيهِ - وَمَن فِى الاٌّرْضِ جَمِيعاً ثُمَّ يُنجِيهِ كَلاَّ
(the criminal would desire to ransom himself from the punishment of the Day by his children, and his wife and his brother, and his Fasilah (kindred) who sheltered him, and all that are in the earth, so that it might save him. By no means!) means, no ransom will be accepted from him even if he brought all of the people of the earth (as ransom), and the greatest wealth that he could find, even if it was enough gold to fill the entire earth. Even the child that he had who was dearer to him than the last beat of his heart in the life of this world, he would wish to use the child as a ransom for himself against the torment of Allah on the Day of Judgement when he sees the horrors. However, even this child would not be accepted from him (as a ransom). Mujahid and As-Suddi both said,
(and his Fasilah) "This means his tribe and his kin.'' `Ikrimah said, "This means the subdivision of his tribe that he is from.'' Ashhab reported from Malik that he said, "His Fasilah is his mother.'' Allah said,
(Verily, it will be the fire of Hell,) Here He is describing the Hell- fire and the severity of its heat.
(Nazza`ah the Shawa!) Ibn `Abbas and Mujahid both said, "It is the skin of the head.'' Al-Hasan Al-Basri and Thabit Al-Bunani both said,
(Nazza`ah the Shawa!) "This means respectable parts of the face.'' Qatadah said,
(Nazza`ah the Shawa!) "This means removing his important organs, and the respectable parts of his face, his creation and his limbs.'' Ad-Dahhak said, "This means it will scrape the flesh and the skin off of the bone until it leaves nothing of it remaining.'' Ibn Zayd said, "The Shawa is the marrow of the bones.'' As for,
(Nazza`ah) Ibn Zayd said, "It is cutting their bones and transformation of their skins and their form.'' Concerning Allah's statement,
تَدْعُواْ مَنْ أَدْبَرَ وَتَوَلَّى - وَجَمَعَ فَأَوْعَى
(Calling (all) such as turn their backs and turn away their faces. And collect and hide it.) meaning, the Fire will call out to its children whom Allah created for it, determining that they will perform the deeds deserving of it in the worldly life. So it will call them on the Day of Judgement with an eloquent and articulate tongue. Then it will pick them out from the people of the gathering just as birds pick seeds. This is because they were, as Allah said, of those who turned their backs and turned away. This means they denied with their hearts and abandoned the performance of deeds with their limbs.
(And collect and hide it.) meaning, he gathered wealth piling it up, and he concealed it, meaning he hid it and refused to give the obligatory right of Allah that was due on it of spending and paying the Zakah. It has been recorded in a Hadith that the Prophet said,
«لَا تُوعِي فَيُوعِيَ اللهُ عَلَيْك»
(Do not hold back (your wealth) or else Allah will hold back from you.)
Pada hari Kiamat seseorang tidak bisa memberikan manfaat kepada seorang pun dan tidak dapat memberi syafaat kecuali dengan izin Allah Subhaanahu wa Ta'aala, bahkan kalau ia (orang yang berdosa) menebus dirinya dari azab dengan semua orang yang ada di bumi agar ia dapat diselamatkan dari azab tentu tidak diterima tebusannya.