ضَرَبَ اللَّهُ مَثَلًا لِلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا امْرَأَتَ نُوحٍ وَامْرَأَتَ لُوطٍ ۖ كَانَتَا تَحْتَ عَبْدَيْنِ مِنْ عِبَادِنَا صَالِحَيْنِ فَخَانَتَاهُمَا فَلَمْ يُغْنِيَا عَنْهُمَا مِنَ اللَّهِ شَيْئًا وَقِيلَ ادْخُلَا النَّارَ مَعَ الدَّاخِلِينَ
Allah presents an example of those who disbelieved: the wife of Noah and the wife of Lot. They were under two of Our righteous servants but betrayed them, so those prophets did not avail them from Allah at all, and it was said, "Enter the Fire with those who enter."
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يأَيُّهَا النَّبِىُّ جَـهِدِ الْكُفَّارَ وَالْمُنَـفِقِينَ وَاغْلُظْ عَلَيْهِمْ وَمَأْوَاهُمْ جَهَنَّمُ وَبِئْسَ الْمَصِيرُ - ضَرَبَ اللَّهُ مَثَلاً لِّلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ امْرَأَتَ نُوحٍ وَامْرَأَتَ لُوطٍ كَانَتَا تَحْتَ عَبْدَيْنِ مِنْ عِبَادِنَا صَـلِحَيْنِ فَخَانَتَاهُمَا فَلَمْ يُغْنِينَا عَنْهُمَا مِنَ اللَّهِ شَيْئاً وَقِيلَ ادْخُلاَ النَّارَ مَعَ الدَخِلِينَ
(9. O Prophet! Strive hard against the disbelievers and the hypocrites, and be severe against them; their abode will be Hell, and worst indeed is that destination.)
(10. Allah sets forth an example for those who disbelieve: the wife of Nuh and the wife of Lut. They were under two of our righteous servants, but they both betrayed them. So, they availed them not against Allah and it was said: "Enter the Fire along with those who enter!'')
Allah the Exalted orders His Messenger to perform Jihad against the disbelievers and hypocrites, the former with weapons and armaments and the later by establishing Allah's legislated penal code,
(and be severe against them) meaning, in this life,
وَمَأْوَاهُمْ جَهَنَّمُ وَبِئْسَ الْمَصِيرُ
(their abode will be Hell, and worst indeed is that destination.) that is, in the Hereafter.
Allah the exalted said,
ضَرَبَ اللَّهُ مَثَلاً لِّلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ
(Allah sets forth an example for those who disbelieve) meaning, the disbelievers who live together in this life with Muslims, their mixing and mingling with Muslims will not help the disbelievers, nor will it avail them with Allah, until and unless they gain faith in their hearts. Then Allah mentioned the parable, saying,
امْرَأَتَ نُوحٍ وَامْرَأَتَ لُوطٍ كَانَتَا تَحْتَ عَبْدَيْنِ مِنْ عِبَادِنَا صَـلِحَيْنِ
(the wife of Nuh and the wife of Lut. They were under two of our righteous servants,) means, they were the wives of two of Allah's Messengers and were their companions by day and night, eating with them and sleeping with them, as much as any marriage contains of interaction between spouses. However,
(they both betrayed them.) meaning, in the faith, they did not adhere to the faith sent through their husbands nor accepted their message. Therefore, all the intimate knowledge of their husbands neither helped them nor prevented punishment, hence Allah's statement,
فَلَمْ يُغْنِينَا عَنْهُمَا مِنَ اللَّهِ شَيْئاً
(So, they availed them not against Allah) means, because their wives were disbelievers,
(and it was said) meaning, to these wives,
ادْخُلاَ النَّارَ مَعَ الدَخِلِينَ
(Enter the Fire along with those who enter!) The part of the Ayah that reads,
(but they both betrayed them) does not pertain to committing illegal sexual intercourse, but to refusing to accept the religion. Surely, the wives of the Prophets were immune from committing illegal sexual intercourse on account of the honor that Allah has granted His Prophets, as we explained in Surat An-Nur. Al-`Awfi reported from Ibn `Abbas, "They betrayed them by not following their religion. The wife of Prophet Nuh used to expose his secrets, informing his oppressive people whenever any person embraced the faith with Nuh. As for the wife of Prophet Lut, she used to inform the people of the city (Sodom), who committed the awful sexual act (sodomy), whenever a guest was entertained by her husband.'' Ad-Dahhak reported that Ibn `Abbas said, "No wife of a Prophet ever committed adultery and fornication. Rather, they betrayed them by refusing to follow their religion.'' Similar was said by `Ikrimah, Sa`id bin Jubayr, Ad-Dahhak and others.
Ayat ini menerangkan bahwa hubungan orang kafir dengan orang mukmin dan kedekatannya kepadanya tidaklah berguna apa-apa baginya, dan bahwa hubungan orang mukmin dengan orang kafir tidaklah merugikannya sedikit pun ketika dia (orang mukmin) melaksanakan kewajiban. Dalam ayat ini seakan-akan terdapat isyarat dan peringatan terhadap istri-istri Nabi shallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam agar mereka tidak melakukan maksiat dan bahwa hubungan mereka dengan Beliau shallallahu 'alaihi wa sallam tidaklah bermanfaat apa-apa jika mereka tidak beramal saleh sebagaimana istri Nabi Nuh dan Nabi Luth, meskipun suami mereka nabi, tetapi jika mereka kafir, maka kedekatan hubungan mereka dengannya tidalah berguna apa-apa.
Dengan kafir kepada agama suaminya.
Ayat ini menunjukkan bahwa para nabi pun tidak dapat membela istri-istrinya atas azab Allah apabila mereka menentang agama.