أُولَٰئِكَ فِي جَنَّاتٍ مُكْرَمُونَ
They will be in gardens, honored.
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(Doth every man among them hope to enter the Garden of Delight? Nay…) [70:38-39]. The commentatorsof the Qur’an said: “The idolaters used to gather round the Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace, tolisten to him but did not benefit from him. Instead, they gave him the lie and mocked him. They said: ‘Ifthese were to enter Paradise, we shall certainly enter it before them, and we will have more wealth thereinthan they will ever have’. And so Allah, exalted is He, revealed this verse”.
إِنَّ الإِنسَـنَ خُلِقَ هَلُوعاً - إِذَا مَسَّهُ الشَّرُّ جَزُوعاً - وَإِذَا مَسَّهُ الْخَيْرُ مَنُوعاً - إِلاَّ الْمُصَلِّينَ - الَّذِينَ هُمْ عَلَى صَلاَتِهِمْ دَآئِمُونَ - وَالَّذِينَ فِى أَمْوَلِهِمْ حَقٌّ مَّعْلُومٌ - لِّلسَّآئِلِ وَالْمَحْرُومِ - وَالَّذِينَ يُصَدِّقُونَ بِيَوْمِ الدِّينِ - وَالَّذِينَ هُم مِّنْ عَذَابِ رَبِّهِم مُّشْفِقُونَ - إِنَّ عَذَابَ رَبِّهِمْ غَيْرُ مَأْمُونٍ وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ لِفُرُوجِهِمْ حَـفِظُونَ إِلاَّ عَلَى أَزْوَجِهِمْ أَوْ مَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَـنُهُمْ فَإِنَّهُمْ غَيْرُ مَلُومِينَ فَمَنِ ابْتَغَى وَرَآءَ ذلِكَ فَأُوْلَـئِكَ هُمُ الْعَادُونَ وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ لاًّمَـنَـتِهِمْ وَعَهْدِهِمْ رَعُونَ وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ بِشَهَـدَتِهِم قَائِمُونَ وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ عَلَى صَلاَتِهِمْ يُحَافِظُونَ أُوْلَـئِكَ فِى جَنَّـتٍ مُّكْرَمُونَ
(19. Verily, man was created very impatient;)
(20. Apprehensive when evil touches him;)
(21. And suppressive when good touches him.)
(22. Except those who are devoted to Salah.)
(23. Those who with their Salah are Da'imun;)
(24. And those in whose wealth there is a recognized right.)
(25. For the one who asks, and for the deprived.)
(26. And those who believe in the Day of Recompense.)
(27. And those who fear the torment of their Lord.)
(28. Verily, the torment of their Lord is that before which none can feel secure.)
(29. And those who guard their private part (chastity).)
(30. Except from their wives or their right hand possessions -- for (then) they are not blameworthy.)
(31. But whosoever seeks beyond that, then it is those who are trespassers.)
(32. And those who keep their trusts and covenants.)
(33. And those who stand firm in their testimonies.)
(34. And those who are with their Salah, Yuhafizun.)
(35. Such shall dwell in the Gardens, honored)
إِنَّ الإِنسَـنَ خُلِقَ هَلُوعاً
(Verily, man was created very impatient;) Then, Allah explains this statement by saying,
إِذَا مَسَّهُ الشَّرُّ جَزُوعاً
(Apprehensive when evil touches him;) meaning, whenever any harm touches him he is frightful, worried and completely taken back due to the severity of his terror and his despair that he will receive any good after it.
وَإِذَا مَسَّهُ الْخَيْرُ مَنُوعاً
(And suppressive when good touches him.) meaning, if he attains any blessing from Allah, he is stingy with it, not sharing it with others. He will withhold the right of Allah with that blessing. Imam Ahmad said that Abu `Abdur-Rahman informed them that Musa bin `Ali bin Rabah told them that he heard his father narrating from `Abdul-`Aziz bin Marwan bin Al-Hakim that he heard Abu Hurayrah saying, "The Messenger of Allah said,
«شَرُّ مَا فِي رَجُلٍ: شُحٌّ هَالِعٌ وَجُبْنٌ خَالِع»
(The worst thing that can be in a man is greedy impatience and unrestrained cowardice.) Abu Dawud recorded this Hadith from `Abdullah bin Al-Jarrah on the authority of Abu `Abdur-Rahman Al-Muqri', and this is the only Hadith through `Abdul-`Aziz with him.
Then Allah says,
(Except those who are devoted to Salah.) meaning, man is described with blameworthy characteristics except for He whom Allah protects, helps and guides to good, making its means easy for him -- and these are those people who perform Salah.
الَّذِينَ هُمْ عَلَى صَلاَتِهِمْ دَآئِمُونَ
(Those who with their Salah are Da'imun;) It has been said that this means they guard its times and the elements obligatory in it. This has been said by Ibn Mas`ud, Masruq and Ibrahim An-Nakha`i. It has also been said that it means tranquility and humble concentration (in the prayer). This is similar to Allah's statement,
قَدْ أَفْلَحَ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ - الَّذِينَ هُمْ فِى صَلاَتِهِمْ خَـشِعُونَ
(Successful indeed are the believers. Those who with their Salah are Khashi`un.) (23:1-2) This was said by `Uqbah bin `Amir. From its meanings is the same terminology used to describe standing (still) water (Al-Ma' Ad-Da'im). This proves the obligation of having tranquility in the prayer. For verily, the one who does not have tranquility (stillness of posture) in his bowing and prostrating, then he is not being constant (Da'im) in his prayer. This is because he is not being still in it and he does not remain (in its positions), rather he pecks in it (quickly) like the pecking of the crow. Therefore, he is not successful in performing his prayer. It has also been said that the meaning here refers to those who perform a deed and are constant in its performance and consistent in it. This is like the Hadith that has been recorded in the Sahih on the authority of `A'ishah that the Messenger of Allah said,
«أَحَبُّ الْأَعْمَالِ إِلَى اللهِ أَدْوَمُهَا وَإِنْ قَل»
(The most beloved deeds to Allah are those that are most consistent, even if they are few.) Then Allah says,
وَالَّذِينَ فِى أَمْوَلِهِمْ حَقٌّ مَّعْلُومٌ - لِّلسَّآئِلِ وَالْمَحْرُومِ
(And those in whose wealth there is a recognized right. For the one who asks, and for the deprived.) meaning, in their wealth is a determined portion for those who are in need. Concerning Allah's statement,
وَالَّذِينَ يُصَدِّقُونَ بِيَوْمِ الدِّينِ
(And those who believe in the Day of Recompense.) meaning, they are sure of the Final Return (to Allah), the Reckoning and the Recompense. Therefore, they perform the deeds of one who hopes for the reward and fears the punishment. For this reason Allah says,
وَالَّذِينَ هُم مِّنْ عَذَابِ رَبِّهِم مُّشْفِقُونَ
(And those who fear the torment of their Lord. ) meaning, they are fearful and dreadful.
إِنَّ عَذَابَ رَبِّهِمْ غَيْرُ مَأْمُونٍ
(Verily, the torment of their Lord is that before which none can feel secure.) meaning, no one is safe from it (Allah's torment) of those who understand the command from Allah, except by the security of Allah Himself. Then Allah says,
وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ لِفُرُوجِهِمْ حَـفِظُونَ
(And those who guard their private part (chastity).) meaning, they keep their private parts away from that which is forbidden and they prevent their private parts from being put into other than what Allah has allowed them to be in. This is why Allah says,
إِلاَّ عَلَى أَزْوَجِهِمْ أَوْ مَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَـنُهُمْ
(Except from their wives or their right hand possessions) meaning, from their female slaves.
إِلاَّ عَلَى أَزْوَجِهِمْ أَوْ مَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَـنُهُمْ فَإِنَّهُمْ غَيْرُ مَلُومِينَ - فَمَنِ ابْتَغَى وَرَآءَ ذلِكَ فَأُوْلَـئِكَ هُمُ الْعَادُونَ
(for (then) they are not blameworthy. But whosoever seeks beyond that, then it is those who are trespassers.) The explanation of this has already preceded at the beginning of Surat Al-Mu'minun, and therefore does not need to be repeated here. Allah said,
وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ لاًّمَـنَـتِهِمْ وَعَهْدِهِمْ رَعُونَ
(And those who keep their trusts and covenants.) meaning, if they are given a trust they do not deceit and when they make a covenant they do not break it. These are the characteristics of the believers which are opposite of the characteristics of the hypocrites. This is like what is reported in the authentic Hadith,
«آيَةُ الْمُنَافِقِ ثَلَاثٌ: إِذَا حَدَّثَ كَذَبَ، وَإِذَا وَعَدَ أَخْلَفَ، وَإِذَا اؤْتُمِنَ خَان»
(The signs of the hypocrites are three. When he speaks he lies, when he promises he breaks his promise, and when he is given a trust he behaves treacherously (with it).) In another narration it states,
«إِذَا حَدَّثَ كَذَبَ، وَإِذَا عَاهَدَ غَدَرَ، وَإِذَا خَاصَمَ فَجَر»
(When he speaks he lies, when he makes a covenant he breaks it, and when he argues he is abusive.) Concerning Allah's statement,
وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ بِشَهَـدَتِهِم قَائِمُونَ
(And those who stand firm in their testimonies.) This means that they guard their testimonies. They do not add or decrease from what they testify to nor do they conceal their testimonies. Allah says in another Ayah,
وَمَن يَكْتُمْهَا فَإِنَّهُ ءَاثِمٌ قَلْبُهُ
(Who hides it, surely, his heart is sinful.) (2:283) Then Allah says,
وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ عَلَى صَلاَتِهِمْ يُحَافِظُونَ
(And those who are with their Salah, Yuhafizun.) meaning, they maintain its proper times, its pillars, its obligations and its recommended acts. So Allah begins this discussion (of the believers' attributes) with prayer and He concludes it with prayer. This proves the importance of it and the praise of its noble status, just as what preceded at the beginning of Surat Al-Mu'minun. It is exactly the same discussion. This is why Allah says there (in Al-Mu'minun),
أُوْلَـئِكَ هُمُ الْوَرِثُونَ - الَّذِينَ يَرِثُونَ الْفِرْدَوْسَ هُمْ فِيهَا خَـلِدُونَ
(These are indeed the inheritors. Who shall inherit the Firdaws (Paradise). They shall dwell therein forever.) (23:10-11) And He says here,
أُوْلَـئِكَ فِى جَنَّـتٍ مُّكْرَمُونَ
(Such shall dwell in the Gardens, honored.) meaning, they will be honored with various types of pleasures and delights.
Yang telah disebutkan sifatnya.
Kesimpulan ayat ini dan ayat-ayat sebelumnya, bahwa Allah Subhaanahu wa Ta'aala menyifati orang-orang yang berbahagia dengan sifat-sifat yang sempurna dan akhlak yang mulia, yaitu ibadah badan seperti shalat dan konsisten di atasnya, ibadah hati seperti takut kepada Allah yang mendorong melakukan semua perbuatan yang baik, Ibadah harta, âaqidah yang bermanfaat, akhlak yang utama, bermuâamalah dengan Allah dan dengan makhluk-Nya dengan muâamalah yang terbaik seperti inshaf (adil), memelihara janji dan rahasia, memiliki rasa âiffah (menjaga diri dari yang haram) secara sempurna dengan menjaga kemaluan dari perkara yang dibenci Allah Subhaanahu wa Ta'aala.