Surah An-Nahl Verse 1

أَتَىٰ أَمْرُ اللَّهِ فَلَا تَسْتَعْجِلُوهُ ۚ سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَىٰ عَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ

The command of Allah is coming, so be not impatient for it. Exalted is He and high above what they associate with Him.

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(The commandment of Allah will come to pass…) [16:1]. Said Ibn 'Abbas: “When Allah, exalted is He,revealed (The Hour drew nigh and the moon was rent in twain) [54:1], the unbelievers said to each other:'This man claims that the Day of Judgement is near, so refrain from some of the things you usually do untilwe see what happens'. When they saw that nothing happened, they said: 'Nothing happened', and so Allah,exalted is He, revealed (Their reckoning draweth nigh for mankind, while they turn away in heedlessness…)[21:1]. They again became apprehensive and waited for the nearing last Hour. When a long time hadpassed [and nothing happened] they said: 'O Muhammad, nothing of that with which you have threatenedus happened'. And Allah, exalted is He, revealed (The commandment of Allah will come to pass). TheProphet, Allah bless him and give him peace, jumped up when he heard this and people raised their heads[to heaven]. The revelation (so seek not ye to hasten it) came, and people felt relieved. And when this versewas revealed, the Messenger of Allah, Allah, bless him and give him peace, said: 'I and the last Hour are likethis - and he pointed with his finger - ; it almost came before me' ”. Other unbelievers said: “The judgementis already here; it is chastisement through the sword”. This is the answer of al-Nadr ibn al-Harith when Hesaid (O Allah! If this be indeed the truth from Thee, then rain down stones on us…) [8:32], as if hasteningchastisement, and so Allah exalted is He, revealed this verse.

أَتَى أَمْرُ اللَّهِ فَلاَ تَسْتَعْجِلُوهُ سُبْحَـنَهُ وَتَعَـلَى عَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ

(1. The Event ordained by Allah has indeed come, so do not seek to hasten it. Glorified and Exalted be He above all that they associate as partners with Him.)

Warning about the approach of the Hour

Allah is informing about the approach of the Hour in the past tense in Arabic in order to confirm that it will undoubtedly come to pass. This is like the following Ayat, in which the verbs appear in the past tense in Arabic:

اقْتَرَبَ لِلنَّاسِ حِسَـبُهُمْ وَهُمْ فِى غَفْلَةٍ مُّعْرِضُونَ

(Mankind's reckoning has drawn near them, while they turn away in heedlessness.)21:1

اقْتَرَبَتِ السَّاعَةُ وَانشَقَّ الْقَمَرُ

(The Hour has drawn near, and the moon has been cleft.) 54:1

فَلاَ تَسْتَعْجِلُوهُ

(so do not seek to hasten it.) means, what was far is now near, so do not try to rush it. As Allah said,

وَيَسْتَعْجِلُونَكَ بِالْعَذَابِ وَلَوْلاَ أَجَلٌ مُّسَمًّى لَّجَآءَهُمُ الْعَذَابُ وَلَيَأْتِيَنَّهُمْ بَغْتَةً وَهُمْ لاَ يَشْعُرُونَ - يَسْتَعْجِلُونَكَ بِالْعَذَابِ وَإِنَّ جَهَنَّمَ لَمُحِيطَةٌ بِالْكَـفِرِينَ

(And they ask you to hasten the torment (for them), and had it not been for a term appointed, the torment would certainly have come to them. And surely, it will come upon them suddenly while they are unaware! They ask you to hasten on the torment. And verily! Hell, of a surety, will encompass the disbelievers) (29:53-54). Ibn Abi Hatim reported from `Uqbah bin `Amir that the Messenger of Allah said:

«تَطْلُعُ عَلَيْكُمْ عِنْدَ السَّاعَةِ سَحَابَةٌ سَوْدَاءُ مِنَ الْمَغْرِبِ مِثْلَ التُّرْسِ، فَمَا تَزَالُ تَرْتَفِعُ فِي السَّمَاءِ ثُمَّ يُنَادِي مُنَادٍ فِيهَا: يَا أَيُّهَاالنَّاسُ فَيُقْبِلُ النَّاسُ بَعْضُهُمْ عَلَى بَعْضٍ: هَلْ سَمِعْتُمْ، فَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ يَقُولُ: نَعَمْ، وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ يَشُكُّ، ثُمَّ يُنَادِي الثَّانِيَةَ: يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ فَيَقُولُ النَّاسُ بَعْضُهُمْ لِبَعْضٍ: هَلْ سَمِعْتُمْ، فَيَقُولُونَ: نَعَمْ، ثُمَّ يُنَادِي الثَّالِثَةَ: يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ أَتَى أَمْرُ اللهِ فَلَا تَسْتَعْجِلُوه»

(When the Hour approaches, a black cloud resembling a shield will emerge upon from the west. It will continue rising in the sky, then a voice will call out, `O mankind!' The people will say to one another, `Did you hear that' Some will say, `yes', but others will doubt it. Then a second call will come, `O mankind!' The people will say to one another, `Did you hear that' And they will say, `Yes.' Then a third call will come, `O mankind!' The Event ordained by Allah has indeed come, so do not seek to hasten it.') The Messenger of Allah said:

«فَوَ الَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ، إِنَّ الرَّجُلَيْنِ لَيَنْشُرَانِ الثَّوبَ فَمَا يَطْوِيَانِهِ أَبَدًا، وَإِنَّ الرَّجُلَ لَيَمُدَّنَّ حَوْضَهُ فَمَا يَسْقِي فِيهِ شَيْئًا أَبَدًا، وَإِنَّ الرَّجُلَ لَيَحْلُبُ نَاقَتَهُ فَمَا يَشْرِبُهُ أَبَدًا قَالَ وَيَشْتَغِلُ النَّاس»

(By the One in Whose Hand is my soul, two men will spread out a cloth, but will never refold it; a man will prepare his trough, but will never water his animals from it; and a man will milk his camel, but will never drink the milk.'' Then he said, "The people will be distracted.'') Then Allah tells us that He is free from their allegations of partners to their worship of idols, and making equals for Him. Glorified and exalted be He far above that. These are the people who deny the Hour, so He says:

سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى عَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ

(Glorified and Exalted be He above all that they associate as partners with Him. )

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Submit : 2015-04-01 02:13:31
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Dalam ayat ini, Allah Ta’ala menerangkan dekatnya waktu azab yang diancamkan-Nya kepada orang-orang kafir dan menerangkan bahwa hal itu pasti terwujud. Yang demikian karena sesuatu yang akan datang adalah dekat.

Ketetapan Allah di sini adalah hari kiamat yang telah diancamkan kepada orang-orang musyrikin. Dalam ayat tersebut digunakan fi’il madhi (kata kerja lampau) untuk menunjukkan benar-benar terjadi atau pasti.

Sebelum tiba waktunya.

Seperti perbuatan mereka, menisbatkan sekutu, anak, istri, dan tandingan kepada-Nya serta penisbatan lainnya yang sesungguhnya tidak layak dengan kebesaran-Nya, dan menafikan kesempurnaan-Nya.