أَفَمَنْ أَسَّسَ بُنْيَانَهُ عَلَىٰ تَقْوَىٰ مِنَ اللَّهِ وَرِضْوَانٍ خَيْرٌ أَمْ مَنْ أَسَّسَ بُنْيَانَهُ عَلَىٰ شَفَا جُرُفٍ هَارٍ فَانْهَارَ بِهِ فِي نَارِ جَهَنَّمَ ۗ وَاللَّهُ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الظَّالِمِينَ
Then is one who laid the foundation of his building on righteousness [with fear] from Allah and [seeking] His approval better or one who laid the foundation of his building on the edge of a bank about to collapse, so it collapsed with him into the fire of Hell? And Allah does not guide the wrongdoing people.
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(It is not for the Prophet, and those who believe, to pray for the forgiveness of idolaters…) [9:113-114]. Abu'Abd Allah Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allah al-Shirazi informed us> Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allah ibn Khamirawayh al-Harawi> Abu'l-Hasan 'Ali ibn Muhammad al-Khuza'i> Abu'l-Yaman> Shu'ayb> al-Zuhri> Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab> his father who said: “When Abu Talib was about to die, the Prophet, Allah bless him and givehim peace, entered in on him while Abu Jahl and 'Abd Allah ibn Abi Umayyah were present. He said: 'Ouncle, say with me, there is no god but Allah, so that I can plead with Allah in your favour'. Abu Jahl and IbnAbi Umayyah said: 'O Abu Talib, will you shun the religion of 'Abd al-Muttalib?' And they kept talking to himsuch that the last thing he uttered was: 'I follow the religion of 'Abd al-Muttalib'. The Prophet, Allah blesshim and give him peace, then said: 'I will pray for your forgiveness as long as I am not forbidden from doingit'. This verse was then revealed (It is not for the Prophet, and those who believe, to pray for theforgiveness of idolaters even though they may be near of kin (to them) after it hath become clear that theyare people of hell-fire)”. This was narrated by Bukhari from Ishaq ibn Ibrahim> 'Abd al-Razzaq> Ma'mar,and also by Muslim from Harmalah> Ibn Wahb> Yunus; both Ma'mar and Yunus related it from al-Zuhri.Abu Sa'id ibn Abi 'Amr al-Naysaburi informed us> al-Hasan ibn 'Ali ibn Mu'ammil> 'Amr ibn 'Abd Allah al-Basri> Muhammad ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab> Ja'far ibn 'Awn> Musa ibn 'Ubaydah> Muhammad ibn Ka'b al-Qurazi who said: “I heard that when Abu Talib fell ill to the illness that led to his death, the Quraysh said tohim: 'O Abu Talib, send for your nephew to send you something to cure you from the Garden he mentions'.The emissary went to find the Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace. He found him sittingwith Abu Bakr. He said to him: 'O Muhammad, your uncle says to you that he is old and weak and he wantsyou to send him some of the food and drink of the Garden you mention so that he regains health'. Abu Bakrreplied: 'Allah, exalted is He, has made it forbidden for the unbelievers'. The emissary went back to themand said: 'I conveyed to Muhammad that with which you have sent me. He did not give me any answer, butAbu Bakr told me that Allah has made the Garden forbidden for the unbelievers'. They pressured Abu Talibuntil he sent his own emissary to the Messenger, Allah bless him and give him peace. He found him sitting inthe same place and conveyed to him the same message. The Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and givehim peace, said to him: 'Allah, exalted is He, has made the food and drink of the Garden forbidden for theunbelievers'. He then followed the emissary to the house of Abu Talib. He found it full of men and so hesaid: 'Could you leave me alone with my uncle?' They replied: 'We will not leave you alone; you do not havea better right to him than us; if you are related to him, we are also related to him!' He sat close to his uncleand said: 'May you be rewarded with good, O uncle; you have adopted me when I was small and lookedafter me when I grew up. Help me with one sentence by means of which I will intercede to Allah on yourbehalf on the Day of Judgement'. Abu Talib asked: 'And what is it, son of my brother?' He said: 'Say: there isno god but Allah, alone without any partners'. Abu Talib said: 'You have advised me; by Allah, were it not forthe fear that Quraysh will slander me, saying 'Your uncle is afraid of death', I would please you by saying it'.The people around him shouted: 'O Abu Talib, you are the head of the primordial religion (Hanifiyyah), thereligion of the elders'. Abu Talib said: 'I do not want the women to relate that your uncle was scared at themoment of death'. The Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace, said: 'I will keep praying foryour forgiveness until my Lord stops me from doing so'. After Abu Talib died, the Prophet kept praying forhis forgiveness, and so the Muslims said: 'What prevents us from praying for the forgiveness of our fathersand relatives? Abraham prayed for the forgiveness of his father, and here is Muhammad, Allah bless him andgive him peace, praying for the forgiveness of his uncle'. And so they prayed for the forgiveness of theidolaters until the verse (It is not for the Prophet, and those who believe, to pray for the forgiveness ofidolaters)”. Abu'l-Qasim 'Abd al-Rahman ibn Ahmad al-Harrani informed us> Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allah ibnNu'aym> Muhammad ibn Ya'qub al-Umawi> Bahr ibn Nasr> Ibn Wahb> Ibn Jurayj> Ayyub ibn Hani'>Masruq ibn al-Ajda'> 'Abd Allah ibn Mas'ud> who said: “The Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and givehim peace, went out one day to look at the graveyards and we went out with him. He ordered us to sit andthen proceeded across until he stopped at one particular grave. He spoke to it for a long time and then theMessenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace, wept loudly and we wept for his weeping. After awhile, he came toward us and was met by 'Umar ibn al-Khattab who asked him: 'O Messenger of Allah, whathas made you cry, for we also cried and we were also scared?' He came toward us, sat with us and thensaid: 'My weeping made you scared?' We said: 'Yes, O Messenger of Allah!' He said: 'The grave you saw metalking to is the grave of Aminah bint Wahb. I sought permission from my Lord to visit her and He allowedme to do so. Then, I asked His permission to pray for her forgiveness and He did not grant it. The words ofAllah, exalted is He (It is not for the Prophet, and those who believe, to pray for the forgiveness of idolaterseven though they may be near of kin (to them) after it hath become clear that they are people of hell-fire.The prayer of Abraham for the forgiveness of his father was only because of a promise he had promisedhim…) were revealed and I was seized by the tenderness which a son has toward his mother. This is thereason why I wept”.
أَفَمَنْ أَسَّسَ بُنْيَانَهُ عَلَى تَقْوَى مِنَ اللَّهِ وَرِضْوَانٍ خَيْرٌ أَم مَّنْ أَسَّسَ بُنْيَانَهُ عَلَى شَفَا جُرُفٍ هَارٍ فَانْهَارَ بِهِ فِى نَارِ جَهَنَّمَ وَاللَّهُ لاَ يَهْدِى الْقَوْمَ الظَّـلِمِينَ - لاَ يَزَالُ بُنْيَانُهُمُ الَّذِى بَنَوْاْ رِيبَةً فِى قُلُوبِهِمْ إِلاَّ أَن تَقَطَّعَ قُلُوبُهُمْ وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٌ
(109. Is it then he who laid the foundation of his building on Taqwa to Allah and His good pleasure better, or he who laid the foundation of his building on the brink of an undetermined precipice ready to crumble down, so that it crumbled to pieces with him into the fire of Hell. And Allah guides not the people who are the wrongdoers.)
(110. The building which they built will never cease to be a cause of hypocrisy and doubt in their hearts unless their hearts are cut to pieces. And Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.)
Allah the Exalted says that the Masjid that has been built on the basis of Taqwa of Allah and His pleasure is not the same as a Masjid that was been built based on causing harm, disbelief and causing division among the believers, and as an outpost for those who warred against Allah and His Messenger . The latter built their Masjid on the edge of a steep hole,
فِى نَارِ جَهَنَّمَ وَاللَّهُ لاَ يَهْدِى الْقَوْمَ الظَّـلِمِينَ
(into the fire of Hell. And Allah guides not the people who are the wrongdoers.), Allah does not bring aright the works of those who commit mischief. Jabir bin `Abdullah said, "I saw the Masjid that was built to cause harm with smoke rising up from it, during the time of the Messenger of Allah .'' Allah's statement,
لاَ يَزَالُ بُنْيَانُهُمُ الَّذِى بَنَوْاْ رِيبَةً فِى قُلُوبِهِمْ
(The building which they built will never cease to be a cause of doubt in their hearts) and hypocrisy. Because of this awful action that they committed, they inherited hypocrisy in their hearts, just as those who worshipped the calf were inclined to adoring it. Allah said next,
إِلاَّ أَن تَقَطَّعَ قُلُوبُهُمْ
(unless their hearts are cut to pieces.) until they die, according to Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid, Qatadah, Zayd bin Aslam, As-Suddi, Habib bin Abi Thabit, Ad-Dahhak, `Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd bin Aslam and several other scholars of the Salaf.
(And Allah is All-Knowing,) of the actions of His creation,
(All-Wise.) in compensating them for their good or evil actions.