يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تُحَرِّمُوا طَيِّبَاتِ مَا أَحَلَّ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ وَلَا تَعْتَدُوا ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يُحِبُّ الْمُعْتَدِينَ
O you who have believed, do not prohibit the good things which Allah has made lawful to you and do not transgress. Indeed, Allah does not like transgressors.
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(O ye who believe! Forbid not the good things which Allah hath made lawful for you…) [5:87]. Abu 'Uthmanibn 'Amr al-Mu'adhdhin informed us> Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Hamdan> al-Husayn ibn Nasr ibn Sufyan>Ishaq ibn Mansur> Abu 'Asim> 'Uthman ibn Sa'id>> 'Ikrimah> Ibn 'Abbas who related that a man went tosee the Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace, and said: “I have forbidden meat on myself becausewhenever I eat it I feel the urge to sleep with women”, and so the verse (O ye who believe! Forbid not thegood things which Allah hath made lawful for you) and also (Eat of that which Allah hath bestowed on youas food lawful and good…) [5:88]. The commentators of the Qur'an said: “The Messenger of Allah, Allahbless him and give him peace, sat down one day and gave an admonition to people whereby he describedthe Day of Judgement to them and did not mention anything other than things which would instil fear inthem. People cried as a result of the softening of their hearts. Then ten of the prophetic Companionsgathered in the house of 'Uthman ibn Maz'un al-Jumahi. They included Abu Bakr al-Siddiq, 'Ali ibn Abi Talib,'Abd Allah ibn Mas'ud, 'Abd Allah ibn 'Amr, Abu Dharr al-Ghifari, Salim, the client of Abu Hudhayfah, al72Miqdad ibn al-Aswad, Salman al-Farisi and Ma'qil ibn Muqarrin. They agreed to fast the day and stand inprayer at night, never to sleep in their beds, eat meat or fat, never to sleep with their wives or use perfume.They also agreed to wear coarse wool garments, reject the worldly life, wander through the land andbecome monks, and cut off their male organs. When the Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give himpeace, heard of this, he gathered them and said: 'I was informed that you agreed to do such-and-suchthings, is this true?' They said: 'It is, but we only meant to do good'. He said to them: 'I was notcommanded to do those things, and your own selves have a right over you. Fast and break fast, stand inprayer at night and sleep, for I stand in prayer at night but I also sleep; I sometimes fast and sometimes donot; I eat meat and fat. And whoever shuns my practice is not of me'. Then he went out and gave a sermonto people in which he said: 'How come some people have forbidden sleeping with women, eating, wearingperfume, sleeping and the desires of this world? I am not commanding you to be priests or monks, for thereis no room in my religion for abstention from eating meat and sleeping with women, nor is there room foradoption of monasteries. The wandering of my community consists of fasting and its monasticism is Jihad.And worship Allah and do not associate anyone with Him; perform the greater and lesser pilgrimage,establish the prayer, pay the poor-due, and fast the month of Ramadan. Those who were before youperished because of their extremism; they made things hard on themselves and so Allah made it hard onthem. The remains of those people are in monasteries and cloisters'. Allah, exalted is He, then revealed thisverse, upon which they said: 'O Messenger of Allah, What is to be done with the vows that we have made?'This is because they had vowed to each other to carry out the things they agreed on. As an answer, Allah,exalted is He, revealed (Allah will not take you to task for that which is unintentional in your oaths) [2:225]”.
يأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لاَ تُحَرِّمُواْ طَيِّبَـتِ مَآ أَحَلَّ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ وَلاَ تَعْتَدُواْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لاَ يُحِبُّ الْمُعْتَدِينَ - وَكُلُواْ مِمَّا رَزَقَكُمُ اللَّهُ حَلَـلاً طَيِّباً وَاتَّقُواْ اللَّهَ الَّذِى أَنتُم بِهِ مُؤْمِنُونَ
(87. O you who believe! Make not unlawful the good things which Allah has made lawful to you, and transgress not. Verily, Allah does not like the transgressors.)
(88. And eat of the things which Allah has provided for you, lawful and good, and have Taqwa of Allah in Whom you believe.)
`Ali bin Abi Talhah said that Ibn `Abbas said, "This Ayah 5:87 was revealed about some of the Companions of the Prophet who said, `We should cut off our male organs, abandon the desires of this life and travel in the land, just as the Ruhban (monks) do.' When the Prophet heard of this statement, he summoned them and asked them if they made this statement and they answered `Yes.' The Prophet said,
«لكِنِّي أَصُومُ وَأُفْطِرُ، وَأُصَلِّي، وَأَنَامُ، وَأَنْكِحُ النِّسَاءَ، فَمَنْ أَخَذَ بِسُنَّتِي فَهُوَ مِنِّي، وَمَنْ لَمْ يَأْخُذْ بِسُنَّتِي فَلَيْسَ مِنِّي»
(I fast and break my fast, pray and sleep, and marry women. Whoever follows my Sunnah is of me, and whoever abandons my Sunnah is not of me.)'' Ibn Abi Hatim also collected this Hadith. Ibn Marduwyah recorded that Al-`Awfi said that Ibn `Abbas narrated a similar Hadith. It is recorded in the Two Sahihs that `A'ishah said that some of the Companions asked the wives of the Prophet about the acts of worship that he performed in private. One of them said, "I will not eat meat,'' another said, "I will not marry women,'' while the third said, "I will not sleep on the bed.'' When the Prophet heard this statement, he said,
«مَا بَالُ أَقْوَامٍ يَقُولُ أَحَدُهُمْ كَذَا وَكَذَا، لكِنِّي أَصُومُ وَأُفْطِرُ، وَأَنَامُ وَأَقُومُ، وَآكُلُ اللَّحْمَ، وَأَتَزَوَّجُ النِّسَاءَ، فَمَنْ رَغِبَ عَنْ سُنَّتِي فَلَيْسَ مِنِّي»
(What is the matter with some people who said such and such I fast and break the fast, sleep and wake to stand to pray, eat meat, and marry women. He who is not pleased with my Sunnah is not of me.) Allah's statement,
(and transgress not.) means, do not exaggerate and make it hard for yourselves by prohibiting the permissible things. Do not transgress the limits by excessively indulging in the permissible matters; only use of it what satisfies your need; and do not fall into extravagance. Allah said in other Ayat,
وكُلُواْ وَاشْرَبُواْ وَلاَ تُسْرِفُواْ
(And eat and drink but waste not by extravagance.)7:31, and,
وَالَّذِينَ إِذَآ أَنفَقُواْ لَمْ يُسْرِفُواْ وَلَمْ يَقْتُرُواْ وَكَانَ بَيْنَ ذَلِكَ قَوَاماً
(And those, who, when they spend, are neither extravagant nor miserly, but hold a medium (way) between those (extremes).)25:67 So Allah legislated a medium way between those who are extreme and those who fall into shortcomings, and it does not allow excessive application, nor lack of application. This is why Allah said here,
لاَ تُحَرِّمُواْ طَيِّبَـتِ مَآ أَحَلَّ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ وَلاَ تَعْتَدُواْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لاَ يُحِبُّ الْمُعْتَدِينَ
(Make not unlawful the good things which Allah has made lawful to you, and transgress not. Verily, Allah does not like the transgressors.) then He said,
وَكُلُواْ مِمَّا رَزَقَكُمُ اللَّهُ حَلَـلاً طَيِّباً
(And eat of the things which Allah has provided for you, lawful and good,)5:88, eat of those items that are pure and lawful for you,
(and have Taqwa of Allah,) in all your affairs, obey Him and seek His pleasure, all the while staying away from defiance and disobedience of Allah,
وَاتَّقُواْ اللَّهَ الَّذِى أَنتُم بِهِ مُؤْمِنُونَ
(and have Taqwa of Allah in Whom you believe.)