التَّائِبُونَ الْعَابِدُونَ الْحَامِدُونَ السَّائِحُونَ الرَّاكِعُونَ السَّاجِدُونَ الْآمِرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَالنَّاهُونَ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَالْحَافِظُونَ لِحُدُودِ اللَّهِ ۗ وَبَشِّرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ
[Such believers are] the repentant, the worshippers, the praisers [of Allah], the travelers [for His cause], those who bow and prostrate [in prayer], those who enjoin what is right and forbid what is wrong, and those who observe the limits [set by] Allah. And give good tidings to the believers.
Ingin rezeki berlimpah dengan berkah? Ketahui rahasianya dengan Klik disini!
(It is not for the Prophet, and those who believe, to pray for the forgiveness of idolaters…) [9:113-114]. Abu'Abd Allah Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allah al-Shirazi informed us> Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allah ibn Khamirawayh al-Harawi> Abu'l-Hasan 'Ali ibn Muhammad al-Khuza'i> Abu'l-Yaman> Shu'ayb> al-Zuhri> Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab> his father who said: “When Abu Talib was about to die, the Prophet, Allah bless him and givehim peace, entered in on him while Abu Jahl and 'Abd Allah ibn Abi Umayyah were present. He said: 'Ouncle, say with me, there is no god but Allah, so that I can plead with Allah in your favour'. Abu Jahl and IbnAbi Umayyah said: 'O Abu Talib, will you shun the religion of 'Abd al-Muttalib?' And they kept talking to himsuch that the last thing he uttered was: 'I follow the religion of 'Abd al-Muttalib'. The Prophet, Allah blesshim and give him peace, then said: 'I will pray for your forgiveness as long as I am not forbidden from doingit'. This verse was then revealed (It is not for the Prophet, and those who believe, to pray for theforgiveness of idolaters even though they may be near of kin (to them) after it hath become clear that theyare people of hell-fire)”. This was narrated by Bukhari from Ishaq ibn Ibrahim> 'Abd al-Razzaq> Ma'mar,and also by Muslim from Harmalah> Ibn Wahb> Yunus; both Ma'mar and Yunus related it from al-Zuhri.Abu Sa'id ibn Abi 'Amr al-Naysaburi informed us> al-Hasan ibn 'Ali ibn Mu'ammil> 'Amr ibn 'Abd Allah al-Basri> Muhammad ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab> Ja'far ibn 'Awn> Musa ibn 'Ubaydah> Muhammad ibn Ka'b al-Qurazi who said: “I heard that when Abu Talib fell ill to the illness that led to his death, the Quraysh said tohim: 'O Abu Talib, send for your nephew to send you something to cure you from the Garden he mentions'.The emissary went to find the Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace. He found him sittingwith Abu Bakr. He said to him: 'O Muhammad, your uncle says to you that he is old and weak and he wantsyou to send him some of the food and drink of the Garden you mention so that he regains health'. Abu Bakrreplied: 'Allah, exalted is He, has made it forbidden for the unbelievers'. The emissary went back to themand said: 'I conveyed to Muhammad that with which you have sent me. He did not give me any answer, butAbu Bakr told me that Allah has made the Garden forbidden for the unbelievers'. They pressured Abu Talibuntil he sent his own emissary to the Messenger, Allah bless him and give him peace. He found him sitting inthe same place and conveyed to him the same message. The Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and givehim peace, said to him: 'Allah, exalted is He, has made the food and drink of the Garden forbidden for theunbelievers'. He then followed the emissary to the house of Abu Talib. He found it full of men and so hesaid: 'Could you leave me alone with my uncle?' They replied: 'We will not leave you alone; you do not havea better right to him than us; if you are related to him, we are also related to him!' He sat close to his uncleand said: 'May you be rewarded with good, O uncle; you have adopted me when I was small and lookedafter me when I grew up. Help me with one sentence by means of which I will intercede to Allah on yourbehalf on the Day of Judgement'. Abu Talib asked: 'And what is it, son of my brother?' He said: 'Say: there isno god but Allah, alone without any partners'. Abu Talib said: 'You have advised me; by Allah, were it not forthe fear that Quraysh will slander me, saying 'Your uncle is afraid of death', I would please you by saying it'.The people around him shouted: 'O Abu Talib, you are the head of the primordial religion (Hanifiyyah), thereligion of the elders'. Abu Talib said: 'I do not want the women to relate that your uncle was scared at themoment of death'. The Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace, said: 'I will keep praying foryour forgiveness until my Lord stops me from doing so'. After Abu Talib died, the Prophet kept praying forhis forgiveness, and so the Muslims said: 'What prevents us from praying for the forgiveness of our fathersand relatives? Abraham prayed for the forgiveness of his father, and here is Muhammad, Allah bless him andgive him peace, praying for the forgiveness of his uncle'. And so they prayed for the forgiveness of theidolaters until the verse (It is not for the Prophet, and those who believe, to pray for the forgiveness ofidolaters)”. Abu'l-Qasim 'Abd al-Rahman ibn Ahmad al-Harrani informed us> Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allah ibnNu'aym> Muhammad ibn Ya'qub al-Umawi> Bahr ibn Nasr> Ibn Wahb> Ibn Jurayj> Ayyub ibn Hani'>Masruq ibn al-Ajda'> 'Abd Allah ibn Mas'ud> who said: “The Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and givehim peace, went out one day to look at the graveyards and we went out with him. He ordered us to sit andthen proceeded across until he stopped at one particular grave. He spoke to it for a long time and then theMessenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace, wept loudly and we wept for his weeping. After awhile, he came toward us and was met by 'Umar ibn al-Khattab who asked him: 'O Messenger of Allah, whathas made you cry, for we also cried and we were also scared?' He came toward us, sat with us and thensaid: 'My weeping made you scared?' We said: 'Yes, O Messenger of Allah!' He said: 'The grave you saw metalking to is the grave of Aminah bint Wahb. I sought permission from my Lord to visit her and He allowedme to do so. Then, I asked His permission to pray for her forgiveness and He did not grant it. The words ofAllah, exalted is He (It is not for the Prophet, and those who believe, to pray for the forgiveness of idolaterseven though they may be near of kin (to them) after it hath become clear that they are people of hell-fire.The prayer of Abraham for the forgiveness of his father was only because of a promise he had promisedhim…) were revealed and I was seized by the tenderness which a son has toward his mother. This is thereason why I wept”.
التَّـئِبُونَ الْعَـبِدُونَ الْحَـمِدُونَ السَّـئِحُونَ الرَكِعُونَ السَّـجِدونَ الاٌّمِرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَالنَّاهُونَ عَنِ الْمُنكَرِ وَالْحَـفِظُونَ لِحُدُودِ اللَّهِ وَبَشِّرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ
(112. Those who repent, who worship (Him), who praise (Him), who fast, who bow down, who prostrate themselves, who enjoin good and forbid evil, and who observe the limits set by Allah. And give glad tidings to the believers.)
(who repent) from all sins and shun all evils,
(who worship), their Lord and preserve the acts of worship that include statements and actions. Praising Allah is among the best statements. This is why Allah said next,
(who praise (Him)). Fasting is among the best actions, involving abstaining from the delights of food, drink and sexual intercourse, this is the meaning hereby,
(As-Sa'ihun (who fast)) 9: 112. Allah also described the Prophet's wives that they are,
(Sa'ihat) 66:5, meaning, they fast. As for prostrating and bowing down, they are acts of the prayer,
(who bow down, who prostrate themselves,) These believers also benefit Allah's creation and direct them to His obedience by ordaining righteousness and forbidding evil. They have knowledge about what should be performed and what should be shunned. This includes abiding by Allah's limits in knowledge and action, meaning, what He allowed and what He prohibited. Therefore, they worship the True Lord and advise creation. This is why Allah said next,
(And give glad tidings to the believers.) since faith includes all of this, and the supreme success is for those who have faith.