وَآخَرُونَ مُرْجَوْنَ لِأَمْرِ اللَّهِ إِمَّا يُعَذِّبُهُمْ وَإِمَّا يَتُوبُ عَلَيْهِمْ ۗ وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٌ
And [there are] others deferred until the command of Allah - whether He will punish them or whether He will forgive them. And Allah is Knowing and Wise.
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(And (there are) others who await Allah's decree…) [9:106]. This verse was revealed about Ka'b ibn Malik,Murarah ibn al-Rabi', from the Banu 'Amr ibn 'Awf and Hilal ibn Umayyah, from the Banu Waqif. The threefailed join the Muslim army at the Battle of Tabuk. They are the ones referred to in Allah's saying (And tothe three (did He turn in mercy) who were left behind…) [9:118].
وَءَاخَرُونَ مُرْجَوْنَ لاٌّمْرِ اللَّهِ إِمَّا يُعَذِّبُهُمْ وَإِمَّا يَتُوبُ عَلَيْهِمْ وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٌ
(106. And others are made to await for Allah's Decree, whether He will punish them or will forgive them. And Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.)
Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid, `Ikrimah, Ad-Dahhak and several others said that those mentioned in the Ayah are the three who were made to wait to know if their repentance was accepted; Mararah bin Ar-Rabi`, Ka`b bin Malik and Hilal bin Umayyah. Some Companions stayed behind from the battle of Tabuk due to laziness, preferring comfort, ease, ripe fruits and shade. They did not lag behind because of hypocrisy or doubts. Some of them tied themselves to the pillars (of the Masjid) like Abu Lubabah and several of his friends did. Some of them did not do that, and they are the three mentioned here. Those who tied themselves received their pardon before these three men whose pardon was delayed, until this Ayah was revealed,
لَقَدْ تَابَ الله عَلَى النَّبِىِّ وَالْمُهَـجِرِينَ وَالاٌّنصَـرِ
(Allah has forgiven the Prophet, the Muhajirin and the Ansar...)
وَعَلَى الثَّلَـثَةِ الَّذِينَ خُلِّفُواْ حَتَّى إِذَا ضَاقَتْ عَلَيْهِمُ الأَرْضُ بِمَا رَحُبَتْ
(And the three who stayed behind, until for them the earth, vast as it is, was straitened...) We will mention the Hadith about this story from Ka`b bin Malik. Allah said,
إِمَّا يُعَذِّبُهُمْ وَإِمَّا يَتُوبُ عَلَيْهِمْ
(whether He will punish them or will forgive them. ) meaning, they are at Allah's mercy, if He wills, He pardons them or punishes them. However, Allah's mercy comes before His anger,
وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٌ
(And Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.) 9:106 Allah knows those who deserve the punishment and those who deserve the pardon. He is All-Wise in His actions and statements, there is no deity worthy of worship nor Lord besides Him.
Dengan mematikan mereka tanpa bertobat.
Mereka adalah Kaâab bin Malik, Hilal bin Umayyah dan Maraarah bin Rabiâ, Mereka tidak ikut berperang bukan karena kemunafikan, tetapi karena malas dan lebih cenderung kepada kehidupan yang menyenangkan.
Keadaan hamba dan niat mereka.
Dia meletakkan sesuatu pada tempatnya, jika hikmah (kebijaksanaan)-Nya menghendaki untuk mengampuni dan menerima tobat mereka, maka Dia akan mengampuni dan menerima tobat mereka, dan jika hikmah-Nya menghendaki untuk membiarkan mereka dan tidak memberi taufik mereka untuk bertobat, maka Dia melakukannya.