وَقَالَ لَهُمْ نَبِيُّهُمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ قَدْ بَعَثَ لَكُمْ طَالُوتَ مَلِكًا ۚ قَالُوا أَنَّىٰ يَكُونُ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ عَلَيْنَا وَنَحْنُ أَحَقُّ بِالْمُلْكِ مِنْهُ وَلَمْ يُؤْتَ سَعَةً مِنَ الْمَالِ ۚ قَالَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ اصْطَفَاهُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَزَادَهُ بَسْطَةً فِي الْعِلْمِ وَالْجِسْمِ ۖ وَاللَّهُ يُؤْتِي مُلْكَهُ مَنْ يَشَاءُ ۚ وَاللَّهُ وَاسِعٌ عَلِيمٌ
And their prophet said to them, "Indeed, Allah has sent to you Saul as a king." They said, "How can he have kingship over us while we are more worthy of kingship than him and he has not been given any measure of wealth?" He said, "Indeed, Allah has chosen him over you and has increased him abundantly in knowledge and stature. And Allah gives His sovereignty to whom He wills. And Allah is all-Encompassing [in favor] and Knowing."
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وَقَالَ لَهُمْ نَبِيُّهُمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ قَدْ بَعَثَ لَكُمْ طَالُوتَ مَلِكًا قَالُواْ أَنَّى يَكُونُ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ عَلَيْنَا وَنَحْنُ أَحَقُّ بِالْمُلْكِ مِنْهُ وَلَمْ يُؤْتَ سَعَةً مِّنَ الْمَالِ قَالَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ اصْطَفَـهُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَزَادَهُ بَسْطَةً فِي الْعِلْمِ وَالْجِسْمِ وَاللَّهُ يُؤْتِى مُلْكَهُ مَن يَشَآءُ وَاللَّهُ وَسِعٌ عَلِيمٌ
(247. And their Prophet said to them, "Indeed Allah has appointed Talut (Saul) as a king over you.'' They said, "How can he be a king over us when we are fitter than him for the kingdom, and he has not been given enough wealth.'' He said: "Verily, Allah has chosen him above you and has increased him abundantly in knowledge and stature. And Allah grants His kingdom to whom He wills. And Allah is All-Sufficient for His creatures' needs, All-Knower.'')
When the Israelites asked their Prophet to appoint a king over them, he appointed Talut (Saul), who was then a soldier. But, Talut was not a descendant of the house of kings among them, which was exclusively in the offspring of Yahudha (Judah). This is why they said:
أَنَّى يَكُونُ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ عَلَيْنَا
(How can he be a king over us) meaning, how can he be the king for us,
وَنَحْنُ أَحَقُّ بِالْمُلْكِ مِنْهُ وَلَمْ يُؤْتَ سَعَةً مِّنَ الْمَالِ
(when we are fitter than him for the kingdom, and he has not been given enough wealth) They said that Talut was also poor and did not have the wealth that justifies him being king. Some people stated that Talut used to bring water to the people, while others stated that his profession was dyeing skins. The Jews, thus, disputed with their Prophet while they were supposed to obey him and to say good words to him. Their Prophet answered them:
إِنَّ اللَّهَ اصْطَفَـهُ عَلَيْكُمْ
(Verily, Allah has chosen him above you) meaning, `Allah chose Talut from amongst you while having better knowledge about him.' Their Prophet stated, "I did not choose Talut to be your king on my own. Rather, Allah has commanded that upon your request.'' Further:
وَزَادَهُ بَسْطَةً فِي الْعِلْمِ وَالْجِسْمِ
(...and has increased him abundantly in knowledge and stature.) meaning, `Talut is more knowledgeable and honorable than you, and stronger and more patient during combat, and has more knowledge of warfare. In short, he has more knowledge and is stronger than you are. The king should have sufficient knowledge, be fair looking and should have a strong soul and body.' He then said:
وَاللَّهُ يُؤْتِى مُلْكَهُ مَن يَشَآءُ
(And Allah grants His kingdom to whom He wills.) meaning, Allah Alone is the Supreme Authority Who does what He wills and no one can ask Him about His actions, while they will be asked (about their actions by Him). This is because Allah has perfect knowledge, wisdom and kindness with His creation. Allah said:
وَاللَّهُ وَسِعٌ عَلِيمٌ
(And Allah is All-Sufficient for His creatures' needs, All-Knower.) meaning, His favor is encompassing and He grants His mercy to whom He wills. He also knows those who deserve to be kings and those who do not deserve it.
Karena Allah yang mengangkat seharusnya mereka menerimanya dan tunduk, tidak protes.
Yakni karena Thalut bukan keturunan raja dan nabi, bahkan dia hanya seorang penyamak kulit atau pengembala.
Yang dapat digunakan untuk menegakkan kerajaan. Hal ini didasari atas anggapan yang rusak, yaitu anggapan bahwa raja itu harus bernasab mulia dan banyak harta. Mereka tidak mengetahui sifat yang sesungguhnya harus didahulukan.
Thalut adalah orang alim (berilmu) Bani Israil dan orang yang paling sempurna fisiknya. Ada yang mengartikan "kelebihan ilmu" di sini dengan kuatnya ra'yu (gagasannya kuat dan tepat), sedangkan "fisik" maksudnya mampu mewujudkannya. Dengan kedua inilah akan sempurna mengurus kerajaan. Jika salah satunya tidak ada, maka akan gagal mengurus kerajaan. Misalnya badannya kuat, namun gagasannya lemah, maka akan terjadi kekacauan dan kekuasaan tanpa kebijaksanaan. Demikian juga jika gagasannya kuat, namun tidak mampu mewujudkannya, maka gagasan tersebut tidak berfaedah apa-apa.
Pemberian-Nya tidak bisa ditentang.
Allah Mahaluas pemberian-Nya, rahmat-Nya luas tidak khusus kepada orang tertentu, dan tidak hanya kepada golongan terhormat saja, bahkan golongan rakyat jelata pun kena.
Dia mengetahui siapa yang berhak memegang pemerintahan.