فَاسْتَجَابَ لَهُمْ رَبُّهُمْ أَنِّي لَا أُضِيعُ عَمَلَ عَامِلٍ مِنْكُمْ مِنْ ذَكَرٍ أَوْ أُنْثَىٰ ۖ بَعْضُكُمْ مِنْ بَعْضٍ ۖ فَالَّذِينَ هَاجَرُوا وَأُخْرِجُوا مِنْ دِيَارِهِمْ وَأُوذُوا فِي سَبِيلِي وَقَاتَلُوا وَقُتِلُوا لَأُكَفِّرَنَّ عَنْهُمْ سَيِّئَاتِهِمْ وَلَأُدْخِلَنَّهُمْ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِنْ تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ ثَوَابًا مِنْ عِنْدِ اللَّهِ ۗ وَاللَّهُ عِنْدَهُ حُسْنُ الثَّوَابِ
And their Lord responded to them, "Never will I allow to be lost the work of [any] worker among you, whether male or female; you are of one another. So those who emigrated or were evicted from their homes or were harmed in My cause or fought or were killed - I will surely remove from them their misdeeds, and I will surely admit them to gardens beneath which rivers flow as reward from Allah, and Allah has with Him the best reward."
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(And their Lord hath heard them…) [3:195]. Isma'il ibn Ibrahim al-Nasrabadhi informed us> Abu 'AmrIsma'il ibn Najid> Ja'far ibn Muhammad ibn Suwar> Qutaybah ibn Sa'id> Sufyan> 'Amr ibn Dinar> Salamahibn 'Umar ibn Abi Salamah (a man from the Banu Salamah) who said: “Umm Salamah said: 'O Messenger ofAllah! Allah has not mentioned women with regard to migration at all', and Allah, exalted is He, revealed(And their Lord hath heard them (and He saith): Lo! I suffer not the work of any worker, male or female, tobe lost. Ye proceed one from another)”. This was narrated by al-Hakim Abu 'Abd Allah in his Sahih from Abu'Awn Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Mahan> Muhammad ibn 'Ali ibn Yazid> Ya'qub ibn Humayd> Sufyan.
فَاسْتَجَابَ لَهُمْ رَبُّهُمْ أَنِّى لاَ أُضِيعُ عَمَلَ عَامِلٍ مِّنْكُمْ مِّن ذَكَرٍ أَوْ أُنثَى بَعْضُكُم مِّن بَعْضٍ فَالَّذِينَ هَـجَرُواْ وَأُخْرِجُواْ مِن دِيَـرِهِمْ وَأُوذُواْ فِى سَبِيلِى وَقَـتَلُواْ وَقُتِلُواْ لأُكَفِّرَنَّ عَنْهُمْ سَيِّئَـتِهِمْ وَلأدْخِلَنَّهُمْ جَنَّـتٍ تَجْرِى مِن تَحْتِهَا الاٌّنْهَـرُ ثَوَاباً مِّن عِندِ اللَّهِ وَاللَّهُ عِندَهُ حُسْنُ الثَّوَابِ
(195. So their Lord accepted of them (their supplication and answered them), "Never will I allow to be lost the work of any of you, be he male or female. You are (members) one of another, so those who emigrated and were driven out from their homes, and suffered harm in My cause, and who fought and were killed (in My cause), verily, I will expiate from them their evil deeds and admit them into Gardens under which rivers flow (in Paradise); a reward from Allah, and with Allah is the best of rewards.'')
فَاسْتَجَابَ لَهُمْ رَبُّهُمْ
(So their Lord accepted of them), answered their invocation. Sa`id bin Mansur recorded that Salamah, a man from the family of Umm Salamah said, "Umm Salamah said, `O Messenger of Allah! Allah does not mention women in connection with Hijrah (Migration).' Allah sent down the Ayah,
فَاسْتَجَابَ لَهُمْ رَبُّهُمْ أَنِّى لاَ أُضِيعُ عَمَلَ عَامِلٍ مِّنْكُمْ مِّن ذَكَرٍ أَوْ أُنثَى
(So their Lord accepted of them (their supplication and answered them), "Never will I allow to be lost the work of any of you, be he male or female.) The Ansar say that Umm Salamah was the first woman to migrate to them.'' Al-Hakim collected this Hadith in his Mustadrak, and said, "It is Sahih according to the criteria of Al-Bukhari but they Al-Bukhari and Muslim did not collect it''. Allah's statement,
أَنِّى لاَ أُضِيعُ عَمَلَ عَامِلٍ مِّنْكُمْ مِّن ذَكَرٍ أَوْ أُنثَى
("Never will I allow to be lost the work of any of you, be he male or female,) explains the type of answer Allah gave them, stating that no deed of any person is ever lost with Him. Rather, He will completely reward each person for his or her good deeds. Allah's statement,
بَعْضُكُم مِّن بَعْضٍ
(You are (members) one of another) means, you are all equal in relation to gaining My reward. Therefore,
(those who emigrated), by leaving the land of Shirk and migrating to the land of faith, leaving behind their loved ones, brethren, friends and neighbors,
وَأُخْرِجُواْ مِن دِيَـرِهِمْ
(and were driven out from their homes), when the Mushriks tormented them and forced them to migrate,
وَأُوذُواْ فِى سَبِيلِى
(and suffered harm in My cause), for their only wrong, to the people, was that they believed in Allah Alone. In similar Ayat, Allah said,
يُخْرِجُونَ الرَّسُولَ وَإِيَّـكُمْ أَن تُؤْمِنُواْ بِاللَّهِ رَبِّكُمْ
(and have driven out the Messenger and yourselves because you believe in Allah your Lord!) 60:1, and,
وَمَا نَقَمُواْ مِنْهُمْ إِلاَّ أَن يُؤْمِنُواْ بِاللَّهِ الْعَزِيزِ الْحَمِيدِ
(And they had no fault except that they believed in Allah, the Almighty, Worthy of all praise!) 85:8 . Allah's statement,
(and who fought and were killed (in My cause),) 3:195 refers to the highest rank there is, that one fights in the cause of Allah and dies in the process, with his face covered in dust and blood. It is recorded in the Sahih that a man said, يا رسول الله، أرأيت إن قتلت في سبيل الله صابرًا محتسبًا مقبلًا غير مدبر، أيكفر الله عني خطاياي؟ قال:
فأعاد عليه ما قال، فقال:
«نَعَمْ، إِلَّا الدَّيْنَ، قَالَهُ لِي جِبْرِيلُ آنِفًا»
('O Messenger of Allah! If I was killed in Allah's cause, observing patience, awaiting Allah's reward, attacking, not retreating, would Allah forgive my sins' The Prophet said, `Yes.' The Prophet then asked the man, `What did you ask' When the man repeated the question, the Prophet said, `Yes, except for the debt, for Jibril conveyed this to me right now'.) This is why Allah said here,
لأُكَفِّرَنَّ عَنْهُمْ سَيِّئَـتِهِمْ وَلأدْخِلَنَّهُمْ جَنَّـتٍ تَجْرِى مِن تَحْتِهَا الاٌّنْهَـرُ
(verily, I will expiate from them their evil deeds and admit them into Gardens under which rivers flow), within Paradise, where there are rivers of various drinks: milk, honey, wine and fresh water. There is what no eye has ever seen, no ear has ever heard and no heart has ever imagined of delights in Paradise. Allah's statement,
ثَوَاباً مِّن عِندِ اللَّهِ
(a reward from Allah) testifies to His might, for the Mighty and Most Great only gives tremendous rewards. Allah's statement,
وَاللَّهُ عِندَهُ حُسْنُ الثَّوَابِ
(and with Allah is the best of rewards.'') for those who perform good deeds.
Yakni semuanya akan mendapatkan pahala secara sempurna.
Maksudnya sebagaimana laki-laki berasal dari laki-laki dan perempuan, maka demikian pula halnya perempuan berasal dari laki-laki dan perempuan. Kedua-duanya sama-sama manusia, tidak ada kelebihan yang satu dari yang lain tentang penilaian iman dan amalnya.
Mereka beriman, berhijrah, meninggalkan segala yang mereka cintai seperti tempat tinggal dan harta demi mencari ridha Allah serta berjihad di jalan-Nya.
Yang memberikan balasan yang banyak terdapat amal yang sedikit.
Berupa surga yang belum pernah dilihat oleh mata, belum pernah didengar oleh telinga dan belum pernah terlintas di hati manusia. Oleh karena itu, barang siapa yang menginginkannya, maka mintalah kepada Allah dengan mentaati-Nya dan mendekatkan diri kepada-Nya semampunya.